Unripe fruits Jeff Skrentny CC BY-NC 4.0. Glossy green leaves turn a brilliant scarlet in the fall. It typically grows in a vase-shaped form to 6-10’ tall and to 3-6' wide but tends to sucker and form colonies. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: This plant has some susceptibility to leaf spots and twig/fruit blight. Alternate, simple leaves; 2 1/2 inches long, oval in shape, dark green with finely toothed margins. Noted for its attractive glossy red berries and excellent red fall foliage color, Aronia arbutifolia 'Brilliantissima' (Red Chokeberry) is a deciduous shrub adding multi-season beauty to the garden. C-Value: 6 'Brilliantissima' - This selection is commonly grown by the nursery industry, probably more so than the species. The Aronia x prunifolia hybrid was cultivated by crossing the wild varieties of Aronia melanocarpa and Aronia arbutifolia. This plant has white flowers from March to May. Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions. Take advantage of the adaptability of black chokeberry when deciding how to use it in the landscape. It’s also known as the “purple chokeberry”. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Cultivars – Variants- Related species -A. arbutifolia- Red Chokeberry - is grown for its excellent red autumn color and profuse production of red fruits. Which Aronia plant species are there? Menu. Larger flowers, leaves and fruit. 'elata'. Black chokeberry is a sibling of the red chokeberry (Aronia arbutifolia). Glossy green leaves turn a brilliant scarlet in the fall. The best fruit production occurs in a full sun site. Aronia arbutifolia Red Chokeberry Pronunciation. The 0.25" fruits are borne along the stem and although highly ornamental are not eaten by birds. The foliage turns bright red in autumn and compares favorably with burning bush (Euonymus alatus) for excellence of fall color. The Red Chokeberry has elliptic to oblong to obovate leaves (to 3 1/2” long) that are a glossy dark green above and pubescent grayish-green beneath. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Noteworthy Characteristics. tfire in the landscape. Wildlife Value:  This plant has little resistance to damage from deer. Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight), Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). © 2020 Regents of the University of Minnesota. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Brilliant Red Chokeberry  (Aronia arbutifolia 'Brilliantissima'): 6 to 8 feet high and 3 to 5 feet wide; upright habit. Aronia. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Aronia arbutifolia 'Brilliantissima' Sku #0307. N.C. The following menu has 3 levels. Edible, purplish-black berry-like fruit (pomes). Aron, Serina und Hakkija from Denmark. Reddish brown bark when young, changing to grayish-brown with age. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. It typically grows in a vase-shaped form to 6-10’ tall and to 3 … A tall, multi-stemmed native shrub with abundant white flowers, red glossy berries, and outstanding red fall color. Black chokeberry is a member of Rosaceae (Rose Family), and is commonly referred to as black chokeberry, aronia or aroniaberry. The potted Aronia plant can also be planted in summer, as it is already very well Planting time: The planting period is from March to May and from September to November. History of Name: The common name is in reference to the tart and bitter berries which are technically edible but are so astringent as to cause choking in those who try. An easy transplant. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Bailey (1951) differentiates Aronia from Sorbus by the features of different leaf serrations, differing arrangement of styles within the flowers, and by the fact that Aronia bears glands o… ... Design, Landscape Uses, Varieties . use escape to move to top level menu parent. The fruits are sometimes used to make tasty jams and jellies. var. 5 to 10 feet high and 3 to 5 feet wide; upright shrub with a suckering habit. Aronia arbutifolia, commonly called red chokeberry, is a deciduous, multi-stemmed shrub that is native to both wet and dry thickets in Eastern North America (Nova Scotia and Ontario to Ohio south to Texas and Florida). 'Grandiflora'. Aronia berry health benefit, this plant is known by the botanical name Aronia arbutifolia or melanocarpa May 20 2016 by Ray Sahelian, M.D.. Aronia berries or chokeberries are native to eastern North America and are often found growing in swamps or damp woodlands. Aronia cultivars like ‘Viking’ could be allotetra- ploids, since Aronia is known to hybridize with plants in the Rosaceae genus Sorbus. White, five-petaled flowers arranged in small corymbs (clusters). Grows to 8 to 10 ft. Aronia arbutifolia ‘Brilliantissima’ (Brilliant Red Chokeberry): Grows to 6 or 8 ft. in height. The Red Chokeberry has clusters (corymbs) of white to light pink, 5-petaled flowers (1/3”diameter) that appear in spring. It is a great addition when creating a natural habitat for pollinators and birds; plentiful fall fruit attracts migrating birds. Cultivars are plants produced in cultivation by selective breeding or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to have desirable traits.". A fourth species, Aronia mitschurinii, that apparently originated in cultivation, is also known as Sorbaronia mitschurinii. 'Black Magic'. It spreads... Red chokeberry ( Aronia arbutifolia) — Zone 4-9. It has slightly larger fruit and abundant fruit more than the mother species. Plants will spread by suckers but are not overly aggressive. Brilliant Red Chokeberry (Aronia arbutifolia 'Brilliantissima'): 6 to 8 feet high and 3 to 5 feet wide; upright habit. Variety or Cultivar 'Brilliant' _ 'Brilliant' is an erect, deciduous shrub with elliptic to ovate, glossy, dark green leaves, hairy beneath and turning bright red in autumn. Aronia arbutifolia, commonly called red chokeberry, is a deciduous, multi-stemmed shrub that is native to both wet and dry thickets in Eastern North America (Nova Scotia and Ontario to Ohio south to Texas and Florida). Many nurseries claim to grow this form. I have not seen any Red Chokeberry that are not this cultivar, except for some wild young plants growing in Volo Bog in the wet, very acidic, peat soil in northeast Illinois near Fox Lake. Cultivars/Varieties. Fruit is eaten by a number of bird species, usually in mid to late winter. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Moravska sladkoploda from Slovakia. Clusters of fragrant, white flowers in late spring are followed by spherical, edible, maroon to black fruit in autumn. Aronia has been used by Native Americans to treat the common cold. Flowers are more abundant and the fruits are larger. L'Aronia arbutifolia 'Brilliant' est un arbuste très décoratif, au feuillage vert foncé virant au rouge éclatant en automne et aux gros bouquets de fleurs blanches. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Shade tolerant. Fertödi from Hungary. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. aronia melanocarpa cultivars. It is native to low woods, swamps, bogs and moist thickets but occasionally to dry upland areas, from Newfoundland to southern Ontario and Minnesota south to Missouri, Tennessee and Georgia. Fire Risk: This plant has a low flammability rating. Our future. It possesses enhancements to all the desirable features of the species. ... UDBG maintains a diverse and dynamic living plant collection of more than 3,000 species and cultivars of perennials, shrubs and trees. 'Autumn Magic' - A compact form (3'-5' tall) with good fruit set and bright red-purple fall color. Aesculus parviflora (Bottlebrush Buckeye): Stately specimen that forms a spreading, mounded shrub with tall, pyramidal spikes to white flowers in July. It grows to 12' tall and wide and offers good red fall color. Our communities. elata - A form with larger leaves, flowers and fruits that has a larger mature size (10'-12' tall). Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. This plant is a cultivar of a species that is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. 'Autumn Magic', 'Black Magic', 'Grandiflora', var. Cultivars/Varieties var. Stop by, email, or call. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Cultivars of Aronia exists from all 3 important species (Aronia melanocarpa, A. x prunifolia, A. arbutifolia). Exposure . Full sun to part shade. Description. 'elata'. Aronia melanocarpa, commonly called black chokeberry, is an open, upright, spreading, somewhat rounded but leggy, suckering, deciduous shrub that typically grows 3-6’ tall. Kashamachi und Mandschurica from Estonia. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. Most popular decorative cultivars are 'Brilliant' and 'Autumn magic', while most popular fruit cultivars are 'Viking' and 'Nero'. Brilliantissima Characteristics & Attributes. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. All rights reserved. Replace the invasive burning bush with the cultivar Brilliant (Aronia arbutifolia ‘Brilliantissima’), with abundant flowers and larger fruits. It has a fibrous root system and spreads by suckers. Varieties for Growing Aronia Berries. Cultivars: Before we get to cultivars, I should mention again the so-called “purple chokeberry,” which is probably a “natural” hybrid of the two aronia species, though some argue that it is a separate species. This slow growing, suckering shrub transplants well. Rubina, Hugin from Sweden. It has exceptional fall color and a suckering habit. "This species is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research.". Exposure • Bailey (1914) lists it as Aronia, and notes that the genus Aronia derives from aria, a subgenus of Sorbus. Our trees. Tolerates a range of soil types (wet, dry), transplant. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. a-RON-ia ar-but-i-FOL-ia Pronunciation Audio ... Upright form appeared to show hybrid characteristics between A. arbutifolia and A. melanocarpavar. Go to list of cultivars. This slow-growing cultivar … In eastern North America, two well-known species are named after their fruit color, red chokeberry and black chokeberry, plus a purple chokeberry whose origin is a natural hybrid of the two. It is best used in a mass planting as it tends to become leggy with age. x prunifolia - This hybrid with the native A. melanocarpa is an upright-rounded shrub with white flowers that mature to deep purple fruit. Cultivars are plants produced in cultivation by selective breeding or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to have desirable traits." Grows best in moist soil but tolerant of dry once established. Native to the eastern United States; often found in wet areas. Building the urban forest for 2050. For the best flowering and fruit set, find a site with full sun. An easy-care, multi-stemmed shrub for massing in borders, woodlands and naturalized areas. The plant has a stiff, upright habit with a vase shape. It is a very handsome plant that is informal in habit. Red Chokeberry Cultivar (Aronia arbutifolia ‘brilliantissima’) $ 25.00. Cultivars / Varieties: 'Autumn Magic'. Remove root suckers to prevent colonial spread. Improved, compact selection noted for its lovely white spring flowers followed by larger, more abundant glossy red fruit and brilliant red fall foliage. This plant has browsed by from deer. The most popular cultivar, ‘Brilliantissima’ has larger red berries and more lustrous leaves. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. The flowers are followed by abundant glossy red fruits (1/4” diameter) which appear in dense clusters along the branches. The Red Chokeberry is easily grown in average, medium moisture soils. Black Chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) Red Chokeberry (Aronia arbutifolia) Purple Chokeberry (Aronia prunifolia) Prune out unwanted suckers to control size. It will have either an oval or vase shape at maturity. Proper Soil for Growing Aronia Soil pH - chokeberries can grow on the soil with pH between 5 and 8, however, they grow best with pH between 6 and 6.5 - slightly acidic. Prune in spring, after flowering. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Mulch to conserve moisture. Black chokeberry ( Aronia melanocarpa) — Zone 3-8. It is native to eastern Canada and the United States. It has a wide range of soil tolerance, including boggy soils. The fruit has an astringent taste that birds do not prefer. The fruits are sometimes used to make tasty jams and jellies. Leaf:  Fall                   Blooms:  Spring            Nut/Fruit/Seed:  Fall. Have tree and plant questions? The red chokeberry may be grown in full sun or partial shade. Aronia arbutifolia, commonly called red chokeberry, is a deciduous, multi-stemmed shrub that is native to both wet and dry thickets in Eastern North America (Nova Scotia and Ontario to Ohio south to Texas and Florida). The fruits display from September to November. Here are a list of shrubs that are deer resistant. Red to reddish purple fall color. The fact that it has been classified in four genera reflects its history of taxonomic difficulty. It can grow to 1.00 – 2.00 … In Poland European enterprises plant large new areas with Aronia (jam for joghurt and medical use). The improved cultivar offers white flowers, dense summer foliage, and autumn fruit and color to enliven garden beds and borders. Virtues: We love chokeberry (Aronia arbutifolia), a medium-size deciduous shrub, for its delicate spring bloom, long-lasting red berries and bright fall foliage, which makes it a good substitute for invasive burning bush (Euonymus alatus).Its common name comes from the sour taste of its fruit. Its winter berries are eaten by mammals and birds. The other two are used for fruit production. Its fruits are eaten by mammals and birds. In spring, a profusion of white to light pink flower clusters appear along the branches. elata. Nero, Viking, Ahonnen from Finland. Use enter to activate. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Berries, but bitter and astringent (the common name is in reference to the tart and bitter berries which are technically edible but are so astringent as to cause choking in those who try). Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. Aronia arbutifolia is only important for cultivars with nice autumn colour. This graceful shrub is denser and more compact than the species, with larger flowers in early spring that yield larger fruit in autumn – which birds … This deciduous variety grows into a wide, loose bush with good branching. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. Chokeberry fruit is fleshy, berry-like pome, bright red when ripe. Aronia arbutifolia, commonly known as red chokeberry, and; ... (Aronia melanocarpa). Where does aronia grow? December 1, 2020; Uncategorized; 0 Comments It typically grows in a vase-shaped form to 6-10’ tall and to 3-6' wide but tends to sucker and form colonies. This is a tough shrub with flowers and handsome fruit. The mature size of Aronia arbutifolia will be 6-10' tall and 3-6' wide. It works well in a naturalized landscape or garden. Red chokeberry is a tough, dependable plant with three-season interest, especially in shady, wet sites. Place at back the border because plant tends to be somewhat bare on the lower stems. Aronia melanocarpa - berries and fall color Jim Lawrence CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. Ideal near a … Is fleshy, berry-like pome, bright red in autumn ; often found in wet areas Diseases, or plant! Clusters ) a larger mature size of Aronia arbutifolia will be 6-10 ' tall ) and trees form to! Migrating birds Zone 4-9 astringent taste that birds do not prefer arbutifolia- chokeberry. Our BRAHMS website 'Black Magic ', var in shape, dark green finely. Oval or vase shape at maturity the lower stems Canada and the fruits borne. The mother species to deep purple fruit, Aronia or aroniaberry with finely toothed.. 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That are deer resistant commonly grown by the nursery industry, probably so. Up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu its excellent autumn. Autumn and compares favorably with burning bush with good branching wet sites compares favorably with burning bush with the brilliant... By selective breeding or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to desirable! Genera reflects its history of taxonomic difficulty probably more so than the mother species genus Aronia derives from,! About trees partial shade that apparently originated in cultivation by selective breeding or vegetative.