It includes protecting the patient's body, respecting the patient's integrity, preventing hypothermia and pressure and nerve damage. Knowledge of staff nurses regarding legal and ethical responsibilities in the field of psychiatric nursing A study to assess knowledge ,attitude and practice of nurses regarding legal and ethical concepts of nursing care of children in nicu and picu of selected hospitals in chennai. … I always cover the patient to prevent the patient from being exposed or getting cold… even if it is an acute patient. To keep order and be concentrated on the surgical wound as well as preparing for the next step which may affect the patient's surgical time. The OTN constantly keeps a watchful eye on the patient. Before the surgery ends and suturation begins, focus is on all material being controlled and ensuring that nothing remains in the patient's body. Any relationship between two persons carries with it a set of mutual expecta- tions. Gadamer (1989) stated that when our horizon of understanding meets another horizon of understanding, a fusion of horizon occurs, which alters our understanding and a new world opens up for us. The results revealed the OTN's experiences of responsibility for patient's care in perioperative practice as two main themes: “the formal external responsibility” and “personal ethical value”. According to AORN Statement Committee (2015) there is a responsibility to provide patients appropriated information to make informed decisions regarding their care. (2011) to have situation awareness and being one step ahead of the surgeon. If the patient is in an extreme position, the surgeon is told that the patient may be injured (#7), I want to fix the instruments if I need something quickly… is concentrated on the wound if something occurs… to be one‐step ahead. Willassen, Blomberg, von Post, and Lindwall (2014) found that the OTN was affected when the patient's dignity was not preserved and took responsibility for the humiliation to be stopped. As supported by extensive literature, nurses have a role to play in helping patients and families in getting their needs understood and met. Action preparedness described by Björn and Boström (2008) as being in control of the situation and by Mitchell et al. This volume brings together original essays exploring the intersections of clinical practice, policy, and bioethics in women’s healthcare. Revista Repertorio de Medicina y Cirugía. Five male and five female surgeons at a University hospital in Norway were interviewed as part of a comprehensive investigation into the narratives of physicians and nurses about ethically difficult situations in surgical units. I stick my head over the anaesthetic arc and ask if he/she feels well…. Consider the ethical responsibility of nurses in ensuring patient autonomy, beneficence, non-malfeasance, and justice. The responsibility is to prevent the patient from being exposed to risks. Perioperative nursing was introduced in the US by Association Of perioperative Registered Nurses (AORN) (1978) as nursing activities performed during the pre‐, intra‐ and postoperative phase of a patient's surgery. Functional control of equipment and if the patient is overweight or has allergies or is treated with cortison… I must consideration of the choice of sterile draping, dressing and choice of instruments… Patients who are not conscious, I check the anaesthesia record and if the patient is awake we check the checklist. Some OTNs described experiences that the patient often expresses a sense of vulnerability before surgery: To be sensitive to what the patient wants to convey in the situation, described OTNs as a personal ethical responsibility and a characteristic developed through professional experience. It is so calm so, if everything is done before the patient enters the operating theatre. OTNs did not abandon the patient for practical things, but always had the patient in mind and preserved the patient's dignity. Because of uncertainties in the OTNs responsibility for the patient, the aim of this study was to obtain an understanding of OTN's experiences of responsibility for patients' care and safety in perioperative practice. Before surgery, the informed consent process is the practical application of shared decision making between a surgeon and a patient. 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