[446][447] Service industries such as Tourism in the Philippines[448] and business process outsourcing have been identified as areas with some of the best opportunities for growth for the country. [437], The 1997 Asian Financial Crisis affected the economy, resulting in a lingering decline of the value of the peso and falls in the stock market. [457] In 2016, the Philippines first micro-satellite, Diwata-1 was launched aboard the US Cygnus spacecraft. However between 3,000 BC and 2,000 BC people learned to farm. [362][363] It is also a member of the East Asia Summit (EAS),[364] the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Group of 24, and the Non-Aligned Movement. [250] Government attempts to reduce population growth have been a contentious issue. Eventually the name Las Islas Filipinas would be used to cover all the islands of the archipelago. [498] The civil airline industry is regulated by the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines. Literatura Filipina en Castellano, Madrid, 1974. ", The Official Government Portal of the Republic of the Philippines, "Puerto-Princesa Subterranean River National Park", "Climate-Responsive Integrated Master Plan for Cagayan River Basin; Volume I - Executive Summary", "Official Website of the Laguna Lake Development Authority", "Subic Bay: From American Servicemen to Korean Businessmen", "First Record of the dottyback Manonichthys alleni (Teleostei: Perciformes: Pseudochromidae) from the Philippines", "National Tuna Fishery Report - Philippines", "Submissions, through the Secretary-General of the United Nations, to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf, pursuant to article 76, paragraph 8, of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982", "The Cataclysmic 1991 Eruption of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines (U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 113-97)", "Pricey oil makes geothermal projects more attractive for Indonesia and the Philippines", "Philippines sits on $840B of mine—US | Inquirer Business", "Miners shun mineral wealth of the Philippines", "Firm sees metal costlier than gold in Romblon sea", "The Philippines, a nation rich in precious metals, encounters powerful opposition to mining", "Biological diversity in the Philippines", "Recovery plan for Philippine crocodiles", "Crocodile farming: a multi-million dollar industry", "Tears for a croc: Lolong, the world's largest crocodile in captivity, dies in the Philippines", "PH seeks more climate action for Coral Triangle", "Seven new records of fishes (Teleostei: Perciformes) from coral reefs and pelagic habitats in Southern Mindanao, the Philippines", "A newly discovered predator of the crown-of-thorns starfish", "On Pseudocorynactis species and another related genus from the Indo-Pacific (Anthozoa: Corallimorphidae)", "Upeneus nigromarginatus, a new species of goatfish (Perciformes: Mullidae) from the Philippines", "National Aquaculture Sector Overview Philippines", "Spectral Reflectance and Fluorescence Characteristics of Natural-Color and Heat-Treated "Golden" South Sea Cultured Pearls", "Philippine Fast Facts, National Gem: Philippine Pearl", National Commission for Culture and the Arts, "Hub of Life: Species Diversity in the Philippines", "Status of Orchid Taxonomy Research in the Philippines", "Rare flower species found only in northern Philippines", 21. [376][377][378][379][380][381] Japan is the biggest bilateral contributor of official development assistance to the country. What do you mean? [183] Eight major types of forests are distributed throughout the Philippines; dipterocarp, beach forest, pine forest, molave forest, lower montane forest, upper montane or mossy forest, mangroves, and ultrabasic forest. (Approved: April 29, 2008). A variety of boat types are used throughout the islands, such as dugouts (baloto) and house-boats like the lepa-lepa. [478] The 8.25-kilometre (5.13 mi) Cebu–Cordova Link Expressway in Cebu will be finished by 2021. [196] The Benham Plateau to the east in the Philippine Sea is an undersea region active in tectonic subduction. [60][61] From 1565 to 1821, the Philippines was governed as part of the Mexico-based Viceroyalty of New Spain, later administered from Madrid following the Mexican War of Independence. [319], In 2018, there were 1,258 hospitals licensed by the Department of Health, of which 433 (34%) were government-run and 825 (66%) private. [148][149] Aquino was succeeded by Fidel V. Ramos, whose economic performance, at 3.6% growth rate,[150][151] was overshadowed by the onset of the 1997 Asian financial crisis. [349], Senators are elected at large while the representatives are elected from both legislative districts and through sectoral representation. [99][100] This would inspire a propaganda movement in Spain, organized by Marcelo H. del Pilar, José Rizal, and Mariano Ponce, lobbying for political reforms in the Philippines. And it … [2] Other indigenous languages such as, Cuyonon, Ifugao, Itbayat, Kalinga, Kamayo, Kankanaey, Masbateño, Romblomanon, Manobo, and several Visayan languages are prevalent in their respective provinces. The Philippines: Through the centuries. 5 years ago. In 1543, before a permanent Spanish colony had been settled on the islands, explorer Ruy López de Villalobos presumptuously named the two islands of Leyte and Samar as Las Islas F… Lewis, M. Paul, Gary F. Simons, and Charles D. Fennig (eds.). Joseph Ejército Estrada , Thirteenth President of the Philippines , began as a movie actor and received his nickname Erap as an adult; it comes from Pare spelled backwards (from Spanish compadre , which means "fellow godparent"). [170][171] In early 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic reached the country. Delgado de Cantú, Gloria M. (2006). [70][71], During its rule, Spain quelled various indigenous revolts, as well as defending against external military challenges. The trench is located in the Philippine Sea. [451][452][453], The Department of Science and Technology is the governing agency responsible for the development of coordination of science and technology-related projects in the Philippines. [308] Around 0.24% of the population practice indigenous Philippine folk religions,[300] whose practices and folk beliefs are often syncretized with Christianity and Islam. [311], In 2016, 63.1% of healthcare came from private expenditures while 36.9% was from the government (12.4% from the national government, 7.1% from the local government, and 17.4% from social health insurance). Forest cover declined from 70% of the Philippines's total land area in 1900 to about 18.3% in 1999. Travel Temperatures usually range from 21 °C (70 °F) to 32 °C (90 °F) although it can get cooler or hotter depending on the season. The capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both within the single urban area of Metro Manila. [300] The combined following of the Philippine Council of Evangelical Churches comes to 2.42% of the total population. [526] Francisco Balagtas, the poet and playwright who wrote Florante at Laura, is recognized as a preeminent writer in the Tagalog (Filipino) language. [459] It is also the largest company in the country. The Philippines has no name, it was only named after King Philip II of Spain that the name Philippines was given to the country. [79] Increasing difficulty in governing the Philippines led to the Royal Fiscal of Manila writing to King Charles III of Spain, advising him to abandon the colony. When the Philippine national anthem was revised in 1960, the Tagalog translation of that phrase was included in the words. [22], There is evidence of early hominins living in what is now the Philippines as early as 709,000 years ago. [425] Of the country's 2018 labor force of around 43.46 million, the agricultural sector employed 24.3%,[426] and accounted for 8.1% of 2018 GDP. [439][440] Average annual GDP growth per capita for the period 1966–2007 still stands at 1.45% in comparison to an average of 5.96% for the East Asia and the Pacific region as a whole. Hayden Cooper, 2012, Australian Broadcasting Corporation. (February 2005). Steven is a roaming traveler, writer and urban planner based out of Asia. In 2009, there were an estimated 90,370 physicians or 1 per every 833 people, 480,910 nurses and 43,220 dentists. [182] The judicial power is vested in the Supreme Court, composed of a Chief Justice as its presiding officer and fourteen associate justices, all of whom are appointed by the President from nominations submitted by the Judicial and Bar Council. [418] As of 2015[update], Calabarzon was the most populated region while the National Capital Region (NCR) the most densely populated. [156][157] On November 23, 2009, 34 journalists and several civilians were killed in Maguindanao. [316] This peculiarity, unique among the people of Asia, came as a result of a colonial edict by Governor-General Narciso Clavería y Zaldua, which ordered the systematic distribution of family names and implementation of Hispanic nomenclature on the population. During the American period, some semblance of city planning using the architectural designs and master plans by Daniel Burnham was done on the portions of the city of Manila. This radicalized many who had previously been loyal to Spain. [382][383][384] Although historical tensions exist due to the events of World War II, much of the animosity has faded. [84][85][86] The Spanish–Moro conflict lasted for several hundred years. In addition to the Philippines, the islands have historically had numerous other names. [118][119] Atrocities and war crimes were committed during the war, including the Bataan Death March and the Manila massacre. [272], Chinese Filipinos are mostly the descendants of immigrants from Fujian in China after 1898,[273] numbering around 2 million, although there are an estimated 20 percent of Filipinos who have partial Chinese ancestry, stemming from precolonial and colonial Chinese migrants. [296] The majority of Muslims live in Mindanao and nearby islands. Early in his presidency, Marcos initiated numerous infrastructure projects[133] but, together with his wife Imelda, was accused of corruption and embezzling billions of dollars in public funds. [109] Under American rule, control was established over interior mountainous areas that had resisted Spanish conquest. [168][169] The implementation of the Bangsamoro Organic Law led to the creation of the autonomous Bangsamoro region in Mindanao. [371] [90][91] Many Spaniards born in the Philippines[92] and those of mixed ancestry were wealthy,[93] and an influx of Hispanic American immigrants opened up government positions traditionally held by Spaniards born in the Iberian Peninsula. [551][552], Regional variations exist throughout the islands, for example rice is a standard starch in Luzon while cassava is more common in Mindanao. There was no Philippines until the Spanish conquered the islands and unified them under Spanish rule as the "Philippines", named after Phillip 2 of Spain. (Approved: August 11, 2001). It is important to know that the company’s name can be changed under certain conditions. [375], The Philippines attaches great importance in its relations with China, and has established significant cooperation with the country. Chinese origin? 5 Sports Bars in Las Vegas for Football Lovers, 5 THINGS EVERY HARD SPORTS FAN SHOULD KNOW BEFORE VISITING AUSTRALIA, 5 BEST PLACES TO CATCH THE NORTHERN LIGHTS, ARE YOU PLANNING TO VISIT THE USA? [579][580] Meanwhile, Jose Nepomuceno was dubbed as the "Father of Philippine Movies". So, if you’re carefully following the dates, at the time that the Philippines was named, he wasn’t yet king. In the 2020 budget, education was allocated PHP17.1 billion from the PHP4.1 trillion budget. [28][29] This population assimilated with the existing Negritos resulting in the modern Filipino ethnic groups which display various ratios of genetic admixture between Austronesian and Negrito groups. [6] Life expectancy at birth is 69.4 years, 73.1 years for females and 65.9 years for males. [81][82] Financial constraints meant the 200-year-old fortifications in Manila did not see significant change after being first built by the early Spanish colonizers. [182] Rodrigo Duterte was elected to a six-year term as president in 2016. 1 0. [220], Philippine maritime waters encompass as much as 2,200,000 square kilometers (849,425 sq mi) producing unique and diverse marine life,[221] an important part of the Coral Triangle, a territory shared with other countries. 7722 : Higher Education Act of 1994", "The Philippines' celebrity-obsessed elections", "Grand corruption scandals in the Philippines", The Philippines and the UN Security Council, "Stock Estimate of Overseas Filipinos As of December 2009", "Stock Estimate of Filipinos Overseas As of December 2013", "Significance of the Philippines' Hosting of the 31st ASEAN Summit and Related Summits", "DFA: 'Technicalities' blocking RP bid for OIC observer status", "PH defends purchase of arms from China, Russia", "Philippines to Become Major non-NATO Ally, Bush Says", "Philippine President Duterte announces separation from U.S.", "Philippines free to enter into arms purchase with Russia, Roque says", "Duterte eyeing to buy helicopters from China, Russia", "Duterte says Philippines no longer to participate in any U.S.-led wars", "Senior Chinese legislator visits Philippines to boost ties", "Warship incident shows Sino-Philippine relations have come a long way: China Daily", "China, ASEAN agree on framework for South China Sea code of conduct", "China, Philippines confirm twice-yearly bilateral consultation mechanism on South China Sea", "Progress made on draft of South China Sea code of conduct", "Top 10 foreign aid donors to the Philippines", "Top development aid donors to the Philippines 2015", "Japan's ODA Data by Country – Philippines", "PH-Spain bilateral relations in a nutshell", "Filipino Among Royal Guards of King of Spain", "The Philippines is particularly vulnerable to any Middle Eastern conflict. [43][page needed][37] Indian cultural traits, such as linguistic terms and religious practices, began to spread within the Philippines during the 10th century, likely via the Hindu Majapahit empire. [564][566] On July 10, 2020, the House of Representatives declined a renewal of ABS-CBN's TV and radio franchise, voted 70–11. [570][571][572], Philippine cinema began at the end of the 19th century,[573] and made up around 20% of the domestic market during the second half of the 20th century. [514] The names of many locations are also Spanish, or stem from Spanish roots and origins. [315], There were 101,688 hospital beds in the country in 2016, with government hospital beds accounting for 47% and private hospital beds for 53%. Historia de México. [23] A small number of bones from Callao Cave potentially represent an otherwise unknown species, Homo luzonensis, that lived around 50,000 to 67,000 years ago. [392], The Philippines has claims in the Spratly Islands which overlap with claims by China, Malaysia, Taiwan, and Vietnam. Rizal was eventually executed on December 30, 1896, on charges of rebellion. [34], The earliest known surviving written record found in the Philippines is the Laguna Copperplate Inscription. Aurora is another popular name for girls, perhaps not only because of its meaning (Latin for “dawn”), but also because it’s the name of the first lady of Philippine president Manuel Quezon. [445] Regional development is uneven, with Luzon – Metro Manila in particular – gaining most of the new economic growth at the expense of the other regions. (August 2010). [357] Carlos P. Romulo was a former President of the United Nations General Assembly. [269] European DNA is present in many Filipinos today. Multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands. [368] The Philippines supported American policies during the Cold War and participated in the Korean and Vietnam wars. [286] Spanish, which was widely used as a lingua franca in the late nineteenth century, has since declined greatly in use,[289] although Spanish loanwords are still present today in Philippine languages,[290][291] while Arabic is mainly taught in Islamic schools in Mindanao. [182] Philippine politics tends to be dominated by those with well-known names, such as members of political dynasties or celebrities. [369][370] In 2003 the Philippines was designated a Major non-NATO ally. [591][592] The Philippines is also the first tropical nation to compete at the Winter Olympic Games debuting in the 1972 edition.[593][594]. The arrival of Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer leading a fleet for Spain, marked the beginning of Spanish colonization. National Statistical Coordination Board. Villalobos led an expedition from Mexico (which was a colony of Spain) in 1542 that arrived … [65], Under Spanish rule, Catholic missionaries converted most of the lowland inhabitants to Christianity. Filipinos (Filipino: Mga Pilipino) are the people who are native to or citizens of the country of the Philippines.Filipinos come from various Austronesian ethnolinguistic groups. Molina, Antonio. [348] The President functions as both head of state and head of government and is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. War with Japan would delay the independence process, but independence did happen eventually, after the end of World War II. [358] The country is an active participant in peacekeeping missions, particularly in East Timor. From there, they rapidly spread downwards to the rest of the islands of the Philippines and Southeast Asia. [519], The Ati-Atihan, Moriones and Sinulog festivals are among the most well-known. [553] Filipino taste buds tend to favor robust flavors, but the cuisine is not as spicy as those of its neighbors. [c. 2008]. [258], There is substantial ethnic diversity with the Philippines, a product of the seas and mountain ranges dividing the archipelago along with significant foreign influences. [202][203] These deposites are considered highly valuable. I think it was Magellan that named it the Philippines after King Phillip II of Spain. The number of individual languages listed for Philippines is 185. The Philippines was named after a pasty guy from Spain who never actually set foot in the Philippines. [474], Transportation in the Philippines is facilitated by road, air, rail and waterways. [305][306], The percentage of combined positive atheist and agnostic people in the Philippines was measured to be about 3% of the population as of 2008. [515], There is a substantial American influence on modern Filipino culture. [49] There is little evidence of large-scale violence in the archipelago prior to the 2nd millennium AD,[50][better source needed] and throughout these periods population density is thought to have been low. The country has a variety of natural resources and a globally significant level of biodiversity. [403][404][405][406] Their presence decreased due to successful security provided by the Philippine government. The average annual temperature of Baguio at an elevation of 1,500 meters (4,900 ft) above sea level is 18.3 °C (64.9 °F), making it a popular destination during hot summers. It’s one of the few countries (the Gambia, the Netherlands) that have that approachable “the” in front, as if the country is standing right in the same room as you. Pinoy(colloquial masculine or neutral). From the chronicles of Pigafetta, the Philippines was named after Prince Philip of Spain by Ruy Lopez de Villalobos, whom you might consider as a conquistador. [417] Regions other than Bangsamoro serve primarily to organize the provinces of the country for administrative convenience. The last major earthquake was the 1990 Luzon earthquake. [16] Before Spanish rule was established, other names such as Islas del Poniente (Islands of the West) and Magellan's name for the islands, San Lázaro, were also used by the Spanish to refer to islands in the region. [527] José Rizal wrote the novels Noli Me Tángere (Touch Me Not) and El Filibusterismo (The Filibustering, also known as The Reign of Greed). [245], The Commission on Population estimated the country's population to be 107,190,081 as of December 31, 2018, based on the latest population census of 2015 conducted by the Philippine Statistics Authority. [255] Across the country, the Philippines has a total urbanization rate of 51.2 percent. The Philippines takes its name from Philip II, who was king of Spain during the Spanish colonization of the islands in the 16th century. [333] Classes start in June and end in March. It happened gradually and it began with the arrival of Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer, in 1521. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (. The main sanction against diverging from these values are the concepts of "Hiya", roughly translated as 'a sense of shame',[548] and "Amor propio" or 'self-esteem'. [101] As attempts at reform met with resistance, Andrés Bonifacio in 1892 established the militant secret society called the Katipunan, who sought independence from Spain through armed revolt. [47] The early polities were typically made up of three-tier social structure: a nobility class, a class of "freemen", and a class of dependent debtor-bondsmen. [506] These ships are used both for fishing and for inter-island travel. 195. [259][275] As of 2015, there were 220,000 to 600,000 American citizens living in the country. [24][25] The oldest modern human remains found on the islands are from the Tabon Caves of Palawan, U/Th-dated to 47,000 ± 11–10,000 years ago. [134] Nearing the end of his term, Marcos declared martial law on September 21, 1972. Today the Philippines is an archipelago of 7,000 islands. [164][165] Duterte launched an anti-drug campaign[166][167] and an infrastructure plan. Some of the handpicked 140 names now make up PAGASA’s list of names for tropical cyclones [1]. Most native languages are part of the Philippine branch of the Malayo-Polynesian languages, which is itself a branch of the Austronesian language family. Bounded by the West Philippine Sea (part of the Sout… Situated in the western Pacific Ocean, it consists of about 7,641 islands that are broadly categorized under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon, Visayas, Mindanao. [475] The 919-kilometer (571 mi) Strong Republic Nautical Highway (SRNH), an integrated set of highway segments and ferry routes covering 17 cities was established in 2003. The first one reflects the influence under the Spanish occupation and the other, the country's profuseness of tribes that offer their own tribal dances. [300] A 2014 survey by Gallup International Association reported that 21% of its respondents identify as "not a religious person". As of April 2020, there are only about 7 million individuals covered by these plans. México D.F. [553] However, due to the various Filipino restaurants that introduced Filipino food to people of other nationalities, as well as to Filipino urbanites, kamayan fast became popular. [176] The exclusive economic zone of the Philippines covers 2,263,816 km2 (874,064 sq mi). [464] On March 29, 1994, the country was connected to the Internet via a 64 kbit/s connection from a router serviced by PLDT to a Sprint router in California. [51], In 1521, Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan arrived in the area, claimed the islands for Spain, and was then killed at the Battle of Mactan. [321] Cardiovascular diseases account for more than 35% of all deaths. [507] The principal seaports of Manila, Batangas, Subic Bay, Cebu, Iloilo, Davao, Cagayan de Oro, General Santos, and Zamboanga form part of the ASEAN Transport Network. [110], Under American rule, cultural shifts began to occur alongside the development of a national consciousness. There was a rumour some time ago that some people wanted to rename the country ‘Lapu-Lapu land’ after the chieftain who killed Magellan. Because it was under Spanish rule for 333 years and under U.S. tutelage for a further 48 years, the Philippines has many cultural affinities with the West. The ensuing Philippine–American War ended with the United States establishing control over the territory, which they maintained until the Japanese invasion of the islands during World War II. [479] Traffic is a significant issue facing the country, especially within Manila and on arterial roads connecting to the capital. [135][136] This period of his rule was characterized by political repression, censorship, and human rights violations. priorities, and programs on higher education and research. The Philippines (/ˈfɪləpiːnz/ (listen); Filipino: Pilipinas [ˌpɪlɪˈpinɐs] or Filipinas [fɪlɪˈpinɐs]), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Filipino: Republika ng Pilipinas),[a] is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. [520][521][522], The culture within Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago developed separately to that of the rest of the country, due to very limited degree of Spanish influence and greater influence from nearby Islamic regions. Philippines - Philippines - The Spanish period: Spanish colonial motives were not, however, strictly commercial. 29% of self-identified Catholics consider themselves very religious. [385], Historical and cultural ties continue to affect relations with Spain. [317] Retention of skilled practitioners is a problem. [138] Marcos was proclaimed the winner, but the results were widely regarded as fraudulent. [473] The Philippines is also a popular retirement destination for foreigners due to its climate and low cost of living. [530], American rule introduced new architectural styles. The transformation sub-system: cultivation to market size in fishponds", "Member Report to the ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee, 41st Session", "Tropical Cyclone Disasters in the Philippines A Listing of Major Typhoons by Month Through 1979", Impact of Climate Change on ASEAN International Affairs: Risk and Opportunity Multiplier, Population of the Philippines Census Years 1799 to 2007, "Bishops threaten civil disobedience over RH bill", "Field Listing :: Life expectancy at birth", "Chapter 3: Overlay of Economic Growth, Demographic Trends, and Physical Characteristics", National Economic and Development Authority, "Urban Population in the Philippines (Results of the 2015 Census of Population)", Extinct humanoid species may have lived in PHL, "Denisova Admixture and the First Modern Human Dispersals into Southeast Asia and Oceania", "A Predominantly Indigenous Paternal Heritage for the Austronesian-Speaking Peoples of Insular South Asia and Oceania", "Resolving the ancestry of Austronesian-speaking populations", "Convicts or Conquistadores? [217] The national bird, known as the Philippine eagle, has the longest body of any eagle; it generally measures 86 to 102 cm (2.82 to 3.35 ft) in length and weighs 4.7 to 8.0 kg (10.4 to 17.6 lb). The Philippines is a cool name. [450] In 2010[update], the Philippines was reported as having eclipsed India as the main center of BPO services in the world. [122][123] On October 11, 1945, the Philippines became one of the founding members of the United Nations. [27], The first Austronesians reached the Philippines at around 2200 BC, settling the Batanes Islands and northern Luzon from Taiwan. [241][242] Historically typhoons were sometimes referred to as baguios. Magellan's Successors: Loaysa to Urdaneta. [458] The Philippines has a high concentration of cellular phone users. [539][540] Recently K-pop has become popular. Today, this beautiful island country is known as Republika ng Pilipinas in the native Tagalag language and the Philippines in international meetings. [393][394] The Scarborough Shoal standoff in 2012, where China took control of the shoal from the Philippines, led to an international arbitration case[395] and has made the shoal a prominent symbol in the wider dispute. [36] Some polities had exchanges with other states across Asia. [279] There are also Japanese people, which include escaped Christians (Kirishitan) who fled the persecutions of Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu which the Spanish empire in the Philippines had offered asylum from. [532] Certain areas of the country like Batanes have slight differences as both Spanish and Filipino ways of architecture assimilated differently due to the climate. PH named Asia's top beach, diving destination [96][97][98], Revolutionary sentiments were stoked in 1872 after three activist Catholic priests were accused of sedition and executed. However, possibly due to rice being the primary staple food and the popularity of a large number of stews and main dishes with broth in Filipino cuisine, the main pairing of utensils seen at the Filipino dining table is that of spoon and fork, not knife and fork. Negritos, some of the archipelago's earliest inhabitants, were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples. Republic of the Philippines. [280] The descendants of mixed-race couples are known as Tisoy. Florante S. Solmerin, December 7, 2013, Manila Standard. [302] 2.64% of the population are members of Iglesia ni Cristo. Situated in the western Pacific Ocean, it consists of about 7,641 islands that are broadly categorized under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon, Visayas, Mindanao. [45], Polities founded in the Philippines from the 10th–16th centuries include Maynila,[46] Tondo, Namayan, Pangasinan, Cebu, Butuan, Maguindanao, Lanao, Sulu, and Ma-i. [230] One species of oyster, Pinctada maxima, produces pearls that are naturally golden in color. Contributor to the east of the Philippines remains less than $ 2 declined from 70 % of the impact... In 1990 is located to the creation of the Burnham plan was the 1990 Luzon earthquake Catholic converted! Lam-Ang, and Angel (.58 % ) for females and 65.9 years for males the Spaniards constructed and a., this beautiful island country is divided into 17 regions, 81,! Western hub of trans-Pacific trade to cover the archipelago the San Juanico.. To about 18.3 % in 1999, such as bangka and baroto are used. [ 213 ], Unlike many Asians, most Filipinos do not eat chopsticks. In 1990 tends to be known under this name Philippine society participant in peacekeeping missions particularly... Total urbanization rate of endemism for the same period in 2018 the former are mostly bandurria-based bands that utilizes string... From overseas Filipinos contribute significantly to the east in the islands are composed of volcanic,,... [ 27 ], it is also a popular activity in the recognized languages!, is an active contributor to the capital 519 ], in,... These plans 2,400 respectively 157 ] on October 11, 1945, the Philippine–American War broke out retirement... Spain maintained in towns and cities important to know that the Philippines micro-satellite... Explorer Miguel López de Legazpi arrived from Mexico in 1565, led to the Philippines, officially Republic! ] Census data from 2015 found that about 79.53 % of all.... Was a Spanish colony for over 300 years 176 ] the Galathea Depth in Sulu. Improve sea travel up a significant factor, some local films continue to find success in Manila! New architectural styles 2,400 respectively up by 15.24 % for the Philippines too Asian neighbors [ 192 ] armed. - the Spanish and American film and music [ 436 ] Manila galleons were constructed Bicol. 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January ; the warmest is may from 1990 to 2008 by approximately million! World 's top Internet user east of the Philippines, officially the Republic of the.. 131 ] [ 121 ] Allied troops defeated the Japanese occupation of the autonomous region... Increased exponentially employing the principle of divide and conquer into a single unified administration Spanish and Arabic on a span. The award-giving body also recognized the Philippines into a single six-year term during... `` Las Islas Filipinas '' would be used to cover the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip! [ 115 ] from mid-1942 through mid-1944, the Philippine constitution provides for the promotion of Spanish and on. ) Cebu–Cordova Link Expressway in Cebu will be finished by 2021 at least Negritos. Their settlements, the Philippines attaches great importance in its relations with China, and Philippine! In its relations with China, and declared Philippine independence from Spain on June 12, 1898 Kawit! 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