The most commonly used constructive element in Moorish architecture was the arch, in particular horseshoe arches, which were used often. Let's find out more. 17:05 . What Is The Difference Between NGSS & CCSS? Over the centuries and with different cultural influences, Spanish architecture has come to be today’s wonderful mixture of styles. For example, garbanzo beans, which is rarely used in European kitchens, is a main element of Spanish cuisine. 020robertnl 29,392 views. Moorish architecture, is an architectural style which historically developed in the western Islamic world, which included al-Andalus (Muslim-ruled Spain and Portugal between 711 and 1492), Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya (part of the Maghreb). As… just create an account. In fact, the culture of the Spain was also influenced, as the Moors introduced several cultural innovations like the philosophy of Aristotle, zero (the number), Arabic numbers, chess, algebra and alchemy. This building was a fortified palace, so its exterior has several guarding towers. The pointed arch from Muslim mosques was copied in western Gothic architecture. Today we see a Catholic cathedral in the middle of the Mosque, which was built after the Moorish people were expelled from Spain. The Nasrid period of art and architecture dominated southern Spain from about 1232 until 1492. Muslim architecture heavily influenced Spanish construction during this period and for centuries afterward. 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Create an account to start this course today. The Muslim conquest brought new crops such as eggplant and peppers into Europe as well as new musical instruments such as the guitar. The hybrid styles created by these overlapping influences are unique, as Costanza Beltrami discovers when she explores Toledo, Cordoba, Granada and Seville. The formative period of Islamic architecture is said to been during the Umayyad dynasty between 661 and 750 CE, when leaders ruled empires, of varying degrees of stability, from the Indus River to Spanish coast. The Moorish period was one of remarkable development for science and architecture in Spain, and the eight hundred years of Islamic influence also left a rich legacy of Moorish architecture. Facebook The presence of everything Muslim in our territory for eight centuries –from the 8th to the 15th– most deeply affected what today we call Andalusia, a term derived from the Arabic name, al-Ándalus, given at that time to the lands in Spain under Muslim domination. It was built with a great sense of harmony and delicacy. Although they were driven from Andalusia --the Moorish center of power and the largest region of Spain -- in the 15th century, their influence remains evident in the architecture, agriculture, decorative arts and language of modern Spain, particularly in the southern regions. The Moors were Muslim and influenced by the Islamic architecture that developed in the Middle East. In the last years of the fifteenth century, after hundreds of years of conflict, the Arabs were expelled from the Peninsula by the Catholic kings. This tower was originally the minaret of a mosque that no longer exists. Architecture was no exception. We see it in the names of Spanish cities (‘Madridhas Arabic origins) and hear it in certain Spanish words (‘hasta’ comes from the Arabic ‘hata’). The motifs of flowers and vegetable figures are highly stylized and geometric for the same reason. These areas are mostly contemplation gardens; grass and vegetation are meant not to be used, but to be looked at and walked through. study This name was given to the citadel because of the characteristic red brick of its exterior walls. The word Moorish is used to refer to the people and culture of the Muslim nations who dominated the Iberian Peninsula (today Spain and Portugal) between the eighth and the fifteenth centuries, and were originally from North Africa. The gardens, carefully planned for contemplation, and the water fountains running along its axis of symmetry, enhance the beauty of the structure, providing an image of Paradise. courses that prepare you to earn © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. One of these groups is the Moors, the Arab and Berber Muslims who conquered parts of present-day Spain in the 8th century and lived there for almost 800 years. Moorish designs for decoration use simple base shapes and repeat them in symmetrical arrays. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | In the interiors we see arches and plenty of ornaments in every corner; the bluish tiles used here are very characteristic of Moorish design. Log in here for access. The Moorish period was one of remarkable development for science and architecture in Spain, and the eight hundred years of Islamic influence also left a rich legacy of Moorish architecture. Immediately following the Muslim conquest in the 8th century, there were no traces of a cultural level higher than that attained by the Mozarabs who lived among the Arab conquerors. Ornaments were abundant and elaborate, with the motifs of religious texts, geometric patterns, and stylized flowers. Middle Eastern textile production was also re-introduced to Europe, and the trade brought by Arabic caravans into the region spread spices and exotic goods throughout the continent. All the characteristics of Moorish architecture described above can be seen here, thus making the Alhambra a landmark of this period in history. Get access risk-free for 30 days, Through an eclectic approach, he created a unique style reminiscent of the Mudéjar, an architectural style blending Muslim and Christian design. CEO Compensation and America's Growing Economic Divide. Although mosque s are the most common examples of Moorish architecture, motifs spread to the design of homes and places of businesses. As a consequence, a number of styles influenced the new construction undertaken by Islamic conquerors. The precious liquid, highly valued by people from the desert, is also an abundant resource in the Paradise promised by the Quran. Remnants in Spain Despite it being centuries since Spain was under Muslim rule, you can still get a feel of this empire’s vast influence through the architecture it left behind Alhambra in Granada, for instance, is a must-see, as visitors can walk through the entire palace. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. A COVID-19 Prophecy: Did Nostradamus Have a Prediction About This Apocalyptic Year? Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, The Alhambra and the Generalife in Granada. The horseshoe arch, first seen in small churches erected by the Visigoths, was developed by the Moors and became the hallmark of their architecture; the Grand Mosque in Córdoba being the classic and most well known example. Moorish Influence By the 11th century Islamic influences had become much more dominant in Spanish art and architecture. 's' : ''}}. During the period of shared culture, the Moors’ Arabic language became intertwined with Spanish in such a way that its impact can still be heard today. The term "Moorish" comes from the European designation of the Muslim inhabitants of these regions as "Moors". Even some very common Spanish words have come from Arabic,” he began. We will also explore some of the architectural masterpieces that remain from this time. Services. Professor Juan Castilla Brazales professor of Arabic Studies at the Escuela de Estudios Árabes in Granada, Spain, attempted to answer the question during a lecture at BYU. Even the numerals used in the West came from this part of the world. These elements repeat symmetrically on each side of the axis, defined by the access door. Muslim architecture heavily influenced Spanish construction during this period and for centuries afterward. 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