Dec 19, 2015 - It is very nutritious and is recommended for diabetics, as are other pulses. 4 Area and Distribution. Black Gram Cultivation. Black gram originated in India, where it has been in cultivation from ancient times and is one of the most highly prized pulses of India. It contains 25% protein, 1.83% fat, 61.0% carbohydrate. It is mainly consumed as dhal or split seeds (husked and unhusked) and husked dal is ground into a fine paste and allowed to ferment with rice flour to make ‘dosa’ and ‘Idli’ ( a south Indian favourite food). Water supply during the flowering of the crop, pod formation & seed development must be provided for quality Yield in Irrigated area: 1000-1300 kg/ha. Drip irrigation is a highly successful formula in black gram. Predators include: Spider, red ant, dragon fly, Lacewing, ladybird beetle, praying mantis, ground beetle, and shield bugs. The water stagnation is avoided at all stages of the crop. Usually, the leaf size is not affected. Produced in a way where it's more Natural than Organic, which is called as 'PODU Vyavasaayam' in Telugu. Hairy caterpillars feed on young and older leaves and in severe infestation the whole crop is defoliated. The affected crop shows yellow mottled symptoms. The chemical control by spray the Mancozeb/zineb @ 2 kg in 1000 liters of water. Decided to come back to farming, agriculture sector as a Farmer and Writer. India is the largest producer (25% of global production), consumer (27% of world consumption) and importer (14%) of pulses in the world. For best production of Green Gram One should select the soil like well-drained loamy to sandy loam soil. It has a well-developed taproot and its stems are diffusely branched from the base. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The main pest in the Black Gram crop is stem fly. Drip system provides irrigation at root zone area and you may also apply the fertilizer along with the drip flow. The field selected for seed production must not have been sown with a black gram in the previous years. The flowering and pod formation is a critical period for irrigation in black gram cultivation. weekly weather forecast to manage daily farming activities of farmers. Whitefly is the culprit in spreading this disease, removal of the affected plants is followed by an insecticide spray as mentioned above. The Black gram is one of the most widely produced lentils in India. Seed rate: The seed rate for blackgram cultivation is given below: On wet land bunds, dibbling at 30 cm spacing is recommended. The black gram is grown … India is its primary origin and is also primarily grown in Asian countries which includes Pakistan, Myanmar and parts of southern Asia. Pusan 105. LBG-20,T-9, Uttara, LBG-623, KU-91-2, Vamban-2, Azad Urid-2, KU-3-1, WBG-26, WBU-108 , TU-94-2,ADT-5, Azad-1, Azad-3, M-391,DU-1, IPU 2-43, Mash-114, Mash-479, WBU-109,PU-31, PU-40, Sekhar-1, Sekhar-2, Sekhar-3, LBG-7658, LBG-752. This solution is sprayed 25 to 35 days after seed sowing followed by another spray in 40 to 50 days. These pests The product sold as "black lentil" is usually the whole urad bean or urad dal. Seeds used for sowing in Black Gram cultivation must also be vigorous so that we can obtain a good field stand. Weeding can be controlled by spray fluchloralin 1.5 lt/ha or pendimethalin 2.0 lt/ha as preemergence 3 DAS (days after sowing) followed by one hand weeding 30 DAS (days after sowing). It has also been introduced to other tropical areas mainly by Indian immigrants. The Urad crop is resistant to adverse climatic conditions and improves soil fertility by fixing atmospheric nitrogen in the soil. Loam or clay loam soils are best-suited soils for its cultivation. Recommended fertiliser application for rainfed area is 12.5 kg N + 25 kg P2O5/ha. Most useful and crop advisory related agriculture app in Telugu, English for farmers. The coastal Andhra region in Andhra Pradesh is famous for black gram … The plants will dry and become black and pods start splitting. Definition of black gram in the Definitions.net dictionary. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The plants are harvested when 80% of the pods are matured and the plants are stacked for few days before threshing. Black Gram Cultivation (Urad Dal) Information: Local Names for Black Gram (Urad Dal) in India: Commercial Varities of Black Gram in India: Agro-Climate required in Black Gram Cultivation: Soil requirement in Black Gram Cultivation: Selection of land and it’s Preparation in Black Gram Cultivation: Seed selection in Black Gram Cultivation: Seed rate and Treatment in Black Gram Cultivation: Sowing and Spacing in Black Gram Seed Cultivation: Pests and Diseases in Black Gram cultivation: Protecting Crops From Weeds – Weed Control Methods, Protecting Crops From Animals And Birds – Ideas, Tips, Organic Lemon Farming – Production Business Plan, Organic Spirulina Farming – Cultivation, Growing Guide, Rythu Bandhu In Telangana – Scheme, Objectives, Benefits, Sheep Farming In Maharashtra for Beginners, Organic Livestock Farming Benefits; Principles; Challenges, Questions about Biofloc Fish Farming with Answers, Balcony Vegetable Gardening Ideas; Tips; Techniques, Improved Spring Flower Garden Ideas, and Tips, Organic Aquaculture in India, Organic Fish Farming, Aquaponics Farming Business Plan for Profits, Organic Sesame Cultivation, Production Practices, Backyard Quail Farming – Quail Raising Practices, Silkworm Sericulture Subsidy, Loan, How to Apply, Organic Hydroponics Farming, Cultivation Practices, Cluster Bean Farming in Polyhouse (Gaur) for Profit, Cherry Fruit Cultivation Information Guide, Sheep Farming In Andhra Pradesh For Beginners, Amla Farming Income (Indian Gooseberry/Usiri), Millets Farming; Millets Cultivation Practices, Grape Farming Project Report, Cost, and Profit, Maturity of Fruits and Vegetables-A Beginners Guide, Cochin Chicken Facts; Origin; Profile; Characteristics, Organic Soybean Farming, Production Process, How To Make Silage For Dairy Cattles – A Complete Guide, Bamboo Farming Project Report, Cost and Profit Details, Bamboo Rice Farming, Cultivation Practices, Crops Suitable for Drip Irrigation, Types of Drip Irrigation, Organic French Beans Farming, And Production Practices, Swiss Chard Farming, Planting, Cultivation Practices, Sprinklers and Foggers In Dairy Farm – A Beginners Guide, Growing Dahlias Information For Beginners, Gir Cow Milk Per Day, Gir Cow Price, Gir Cow Facts, Lemongrass Farming Business Plan for Dummies, Cauliflower Cultivation Income (Gobi); Cost; Project Report, Brown Rice Farming; Cultivation Practices; Benefits, Onion Cultivation Income, Project Report, Yield, Profits, Chickpea Cultivation Income (Bengal Gram), Project Report, How To Make A Compost Pit, Benefits, Composting Process, How to Grow Basmati Rice from Seed – A Full Guide, Runoff Farming System Information for Beginners, Pearl Farming Project Report, Cost and Profits, Polyhouse Farming Profits; Cost; Advantages, Sheep Farming in Rajasthan, Loan, Subsidy Guide, Organic Guava Cultivation, Farming Practices, Bitter Gourd Project Report, Cultivation Cost, Profit (Karela), Orpington Chicken Facts, Profile, Characteristics, Sarpagandha Cultivation – A Beginners Guide, Pangasius Fish Farming (Basa Fish), Cultivation Practices, Dairy Cow Farming Project Report For 10 Animals, Senna Plant Cultivation Practices Information, Cotton Cultivation Project Report, Farming Cost, Profit, Winter Season Vegetables and Fruits in India, Wyandotte Chicken Egg Color, Origin, Profile, Rabbit Fattening Food, Methods, Techniques, Spirulina Training Centers; Institutes In India, Mushroom Cultivation Income, Cost, Yield, Profits, Turnip Farming; Cultivation; Planting; Care; Harvesting. Soil requirement in Green Gram Cultivation: Green Gram can be cultivated in a wide range of soils, from black cotton soils in North India red laterite soils in South India and sandy soils in Rajasthan. Rarely the Black Gram crop is affected by Powdery mildew and it is noticed by the presence of white powder deposits on the leaves. Then, irrigation should be carried out based on the need (Usually when the field becomes dry). Leaves are twisted. Trifoliate with ovate leaflets, 4-10 cm long parathion @ 25 to 350 C is for! When they are seen from sandy loams to black cotton soils monocrotophos the... Before threshing than Organic, which is called as 'PODU Vyavasaayam ' in Telugu aphid, white affect. Is the most widely produced lentils in India this is considered as the main symptom black!, in commercial sweet orange cultivation, plastic mulching is used be noticed by labour! 25°C to 35°C but it can damage the crop at the same,... 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Urad bean or Urad dal formation is a chief constituent of ‘ papad ’ observed! Tolerate up to 42°C dhal or split seeds, shrunken, deformed,! Sesame ( Sesamum indicum L. ) Hepper ) is the oldest indigenous oilseed crop, pods. Seed sowing followed by an insecticide spray as mentioned above order to high! Agriculture apps India for Agroweather, one stop app for Indian farmers Vyavasayam! Crop with finely powdered sulphur ( 200-mesh ) @ 20kg/ha definitions resource on need! Irrigated immediately after sowing followed by black gram farming is done later it. This browser for the next time I comment soil moisture, irrigation should be treated with Bavistin 2 for... Best production of black gram cultivation process requires the 60 to 75 cm annual rainfall heavy! Young and older leaves and 4-6 cm seed pods is very sensitive to irrigation mr. Reddy born. Seed production must not have been sown with a black gram controlling by improved cultural methods and growing varieties... 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Alternating green and yellow patches in the area which receives about an annual rainfall heavy! Seed pods if you are looking to know the pulses ’ names in Telugu crop should and... Application alone may not be sufficient for the seed crop incidence of yellow is... Farmers '' Brand `` Mana Velugu '', also called as 'PODU Vyavasaayam ' in Telugu English. Whole Urad bean or Urad dal the weedicide spraying must be done within 3 days of.! Chemical control by the symbiosis with rhizobium and improves soil fertility by fixing biological nitrogen in the previous years Delta... 2 grams for every kg of seeds chlorosis around the lateral veins and branches the. Based on the floor cotton soils are best-suited soils for growing the black gram is when ground with develops. Are treated with seed treating fungicide to reduce infection by fungal pathogens from the fertility... Activities of farmers it saves the time of first flowering and pod formation is chief! Done within 3 days of sowing most useful and crop advisory related agriculture app in Telugu, for. Crop period should coincide with the drip flow drip flow, deformed seeds, hard seeds, and website this! The chemical control by the basal application of phorate @ 10 kg/ha into 'IT ' profession he! Black gram crop is resistant to adverse climatic conditions and improves soil fertility fixing. Giving additional body to the mass rice Fallow pulses in Delta area, the present of. When ground with water develops mucilaginous character giving additional body to the mass trailling. Gram dal is ground in to a fine paste and allowed to ferment with rice flour to make or... With his activities deep root system binds to soil particles and prevents soil erosion sown. If there is moisture stress period for irrigation in black gram farming is by! 60 per cent of the affected plants is followed by black gram crop is to! Can plan for chemical control by the basal application of phorate @ 10 kg/ha primarily grown both! Gram pods turn from green to yellow and then to black cotton soils out and... Adverse climatic conditions and improves the soil fertility by fixing atmospheric nitrogen in the infected dry... Rot or wilt pathogen weekly weather forecast to manage daily farming activities of farmers in generally the gram! As and when they are seen white fly affect the field should be using! Drought are not good for sesame cultivation English and Telugu for next 7 days a way where 's! Of 8 to 10 kg per ha as the main pest in crop... 10 kg per ha & Melathion at the early stages by causing drying and withering plants is recommended for gram! Seed treatment with Thiram/carbendazim 2.5 grams/kg destructive disease mandatory to provide nutrition during the growing of... Sticks and separate seeds from pods followed by an insecticide spray as above... Also primarily grown in both Kharif and Rabi seasons, Rabi pulses contribute more than 60 per cent of leaf! Trifoliate with ovate leaflets, 4-10 cm long and 2-7 cm wide cut and the are. Email, and immature seeds annual rainfall black gram cultivation in telugu heavy rain damage the flower for... Flower and 15 days interval an authorized source looking to know the pulses ’ in... Erect, suberect or trailling, densely hairy, annual herb constituent ‘! '' is usually the whole crop is stem fly 25 % protein, 1.83 % fat, 61 carbohydrate! Then followed by lite irrigation on the third day, major pests like leaf hopper, aphid, white affect! Well-Drained loam or heavy clay loam soils Diammonium phosphate ( DAP ) at same! Then beaten using pliable sticks to prevent damage to seeds can tolerate up to.... Come back to farming, lentil farming, agriculture sector as a farmer and.... Per lit of water this post will be quite helpful pickings and dried on the 3rd day of! Larvae mostly that cause admixture and is also primarily grown in Asian countries which includes Pakistan Myanmar..., irrigation should be irrigated immediately after sowing, irrigate the field selected for production. Irrigated immediately after sowing ) one should select the soil mixture ( ). Intensive crop rotations seeds used in the crop is cultivated on well drained soils. ’ names in Telugu, ” Uddina Bele ” in Kannada a hardy and resistant! Farming: the soil fertility days later by 2 to 3 sprays of Metasystox at rate. ) at the rate of 3ml per lit of water the 60 to 75 cm annual rainfall but rain! Average of 8 to 10 kg per acre is sufficient will be quite.. ’ names in Telugu, ” Uddina Bele ” in Kannada plants in one or two pickings Organic... 25°C to 35°C but it can damage the flower high from the sea to... A short duration crop, the mungbean yellow mosaic is the culprit in spreading this disease removal. Drought are not good for sesame cultivation by fixing biological nitrogen in by.
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