The Oromo comprise the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia, approximately 50% - 60%. The Ethiopian languages are divided into four major language groups.These are Semitic, Cushitic, Omotic, and Nilo-Saharan. By contrast, the OLF claimed there were 18 million Oromo in 1978, well over half of a total population roughly estimated that year at 31 million. Afroasiatic Unlock this profile with an Essentials plan.. See the details on every language spoken in Ethiopia, plus: Profiles for every other country in the world; 7,464 profiles covering every language in use today The Oromo language is expressed by the largest population followed by the Amharic language. Oromos speak the Oromo language as a mother tongue also called Afaan Oromoo and Oromiffa, which is part of the Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic family. Oromo language is categorized as a Cushitic language and it is the third most widely spoken language in Africa, after Arabic and Hausa. Most Spoken Languages In Ethiopia, Due to the Federal laws of Ethiopia, the Amharic language is considered the official language despite having the second largest population of speakers. During TPLF’s decades-long rule, Oromos were silenced, tortured and arrested en masse, to the point that the Oromo language was dubbed “the language of prisons”. Oromo and Wolaytta are spoken by more than 34 million and 2 million speakers, respectively (Si-mons and Fennig, 2017). Geez was the official language of Ethiopia before Amharic. The Oromo Liberation Army, which broke off from the Oromo Liberation Front (OLA), has caused widespread damage in the region. Ethiopian Treasures explores the many varied aspects of Ethiopia including its history, culture, tradition, religion, language, calendar, geography and climate. Linguists: Dr. Derib Ado and Dr. Feda Neggese. The traditional Oromo language is Oromiffa, the written form of which has recently changed to use the Roman alphabet. I claim this remains one of the biggest issues related to the Oromo question in Ethiopian politics since the 1960s. Further, Oromo, by not being a "written language" was not available to European scholars in libraries; not being a available meant that it did not exist (Tutschek 1844 is an honorable exception). Five Ethiopian web corpora The HaBiT project has in cooperation with the project Linguistic Capacity Buliding – Tools for the inclusive development of Ethiopia developed web corpora for Amharic, Oromo, Somali and Tigrinya: Nevertheless, researching the history of the Oromo we found a strong antagonistic prejudice towards the people from the part of Amhara-Tigray society, Phonology. It is a macrolanguage language of Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Eritrea, and Djibouti, by close to 40 million people, making it Africa’s the fourth most widely spoken language … Amharic, for instance, is the work-ing language of the Federal Government. The central demand of the Oromo protests was that Afan Oromo be one of the working languages, a demand that continues to be ignored by the government. In February 2020, the Ethiopian government announced four new languages would become federal level working languages of Ethiopia; Afar, Oromo, Somali and Tigrinya. Ethiopia has about 80 ethno-national groups. Ethiopian Treasures Ethiopia is a land of plenty with a long and noble history giving rise to ethnic, linguistic and cultural diversity. It is of great importance for us to know more about the process of formation of the people. The greatest number of people in Ethiopia speak Afan Oromo. So next time while you are in a supermarket for shopping, asking for a bill or telling a direction for a taxi; make sure you have this app on your smartphone and … Language Ethiopia is a nation with some eighty languages and almost 200 dialects. Tigrigna and Amharigna (Amharic) are the modern languages which are derived from Ge'ez. Government estimates put the number of Oromo speakers at about 7 million in 1970--about 28 percent of the total population of Ethiopia. The Oromo as recorded in Ethiopian literature 1325 Reconstruction of Oromo national identity. The book is divided into well-organized sections that delve deep into the essential grammatical structures, lots of vocabulary, and plenty of helpful example sentences for each topic. Abebe Bulto's excellent book, "Afan Oromo, A Guide to Speaking the Language of Oromo People in Ethiopia", is a great resource for anyone wanting to learn Afan Oromo. Oromo children's books keep once-banned Ethiopian language alive Melbourne woman Toltu Tufa launches publishing company to print teaching resources for Oromo, a language forbidden under Haile Selassie The importance of the time of their birth is crucial because they are the first Oromo generation in over a century who had a defined home land “Oromia”. But it’s under consideration to make both languages official. Oromiffa was banned during the regime of Haile Selassie, and Amharic was the only language taught in schools or used in the public sphere for decades. They are the first generation of Oromo’s that grew up with Afaan Oromo as the official language of Oromia and it being recognized officially by the Ethiopian government. The major ones are the Oromo (the largest), the Amhara and the Tigrayans. It was then given official status and the latin script as opposed to the Ethiopic script was adopted. Semitic According to the Ethiopian census of 2007, the first languages and the largest are the Oromo with about 24,930,424 of the population speaking the language which is equivalent to 33.8% and the Amharic with 21,634,396 users which is equivalent to 29.3% of the country’s population. Oromo has the typical Eastern Cushitic set of five short and five long vowels. Oromoffa is spoken predominantely in Oromo Region, SouthWest and Central Ethiopia.. Amharic remained the dominant language after 1991 as it was chosen as the federal working language. Vowels (1o). 198 likes. The adoption of Roman script for Oromo writing and the debates that followed are explored, with an Afaan Oromo are spoken as a first language by more than 35 million Oromo and neighboring peoples in Ethiopia. 9 million people. by reviewing the early history of Oromo writing and discusses the Ethiopian language policies, analysing materials written in various scripts and certain writers starting from the 19th century. GEM Tv :- Bushu Haayilu - Oromtittii | ኦሮምቲቲ - New Ethiopian Oromo Music 2019 [Official Video] Check Out New Ethiopian Music Videos by Golden Ethio Music. The Oromo population is more than 50 million currently, but the Ethiopian government reported the Oromo people as only 35 million now. The language was preserved through oral tradition until the early 1970s. Learn Afan Oromo and Other Ethiopian Language. It also serves as regional working language of some other regional states. With the total Ethiopian population thought to be over 102 million, the number of Oromo people exceeds 35 million in Ethiopia alone. Oromo Speech Corpus 41,997 tokens, 21 speakers. These languages have different functions in Ethiopia. Amharic (also known as Amarinya, Amarigna) is a Semitic language spoken in Ethiopia. Although Geez is ceased to be spoken popularly sometime between 900 and 1200 AD, it continues as a language of Ethiopian Church. According to Ethiopian Ambassador to the United States, English was also now official language of the Ethiopian government. Amharic is rooted from the Ancient language Geez (Ge'ez). One of the worrying aspects of Oromo protest was the narrative that presented the movement as a struggle between the ruling Ethiopia with its yellow, green and red flag against the Oromo people struggling for liberation. Interestingly, Afan Oromo, a Cushitic language, is indigenous to 33.80 per cent of the population, and thus can be regarded as the largest indigenous language in Ethiopia. Since, it is written and printed, being designated in 1992 as an official language in the Oromo region of Ethiopia. People protest against the Ethiopian government during an Oromo festival in October 2017. Until 1974, when the Ethiopian monarchy fell, Oromo was only a spoken language, ostracized in education and in the media. #Sharing New India with our relative Amharic is the official national language of Ethiopia. Anti-government protests by young Oromo men began in 2015 and helped spur political change. Since 1991 the Tigreans have controlled the nation’s political and economic scene. English, Arabic, Italian and French are widely spoken by many Ethiopians. Afaan Oromo, a highly developed spoken language, is at the top of the list [2] of the distinct and separate 1000 or so languages used in Africa, the most polyglot of the continents. The faction is being held … Oromo, also called Afaan Oromo and Oromiffa, is a member of the Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family. It is classified [3] as one of the Kushitic [4] languages spoken in the Ethiopian Empire, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, and … For a period of time the Ethiopian government attempted to impose a national culture upon the entire country. As a result, ethnic strife has resulted between the Amhara and Oromo. All Language Alliance, Inc. provides translation and interpreting services from English to languages of Ethiopia, and from Ethiopian languages to English, providing Amharic, Tigrinya and Oromo translators and interpreters to law firms and businesses in Denver, Colorado, and elsewhere. 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