. Climate and Average Weather in Dorset, United Kingdom. Over 300 people were killed by the floods in eastern England. The warmth occurred in the absence of El Niño, which is usually a factor in extreme global warmth. Averages table. The first frost of the winter usually occurs between October and December; frost is quite unusual in September, when the surrounding ocean is at or near its warmest, except on high ground. This has a warming influence on coastal areas in winter and a cooling influence in summer. Here are some updates both nationals and foreigners need to know.Residents of England are not permitted to travel abroad, nor to any part of the UK for leisure, for the entire lockdownMany airlines have already canceled most of their flights going in and out of the UK due to the strict no-leisure travel rules, which can greatly impact transiting passengersAny foreign national entering the UK during the lockdown needs to be aware that hotel stays are not permitted for leisure, only business travel.Hull and GC rail trains are to suspend services due to the lockdownnot have entry restrictions, but a 14-day quarantine is in place for arriving travelers arriving from outside the travel corridor. Atlantic depressions at this time can become intense, and winds of hurricane force (greater than 119 km/h or 74 mph) can be recorded. The high latitude and proximity to a large ocean to the west means that the United Kingdom experiences strong winds. United Kingdom Sea temperatures. The warmest month in the UK is often July. A detailed narrative account of the weather of every year from 1913 to 1942, with photographs of plants taken on the same day in each of those years, may be found in Willis (1944). Radiation fog may develop over inland areas of Great Britain and can persist for hours or even days in the winter and can pose a major hazard for drivers and aircraft. [36], Winter in the UK is defined as lasting from December to February. Temperatures are the highest in southern and central areas and lowest in the north. The largest tornado outbreak in Britain is also the largest tornado outbreak known anywhere in Europe. Gales are less common in England compared to Scotland; however on some occasions there can be strong winds, and rarely, the remains of Atlantic hurricanes and tropical storms. The floors of inland valleys away from warming influence of the sea can be particularly cold as cold, dense air drains into them. Map featuring United Kingdom water temperature. [1] Regional climates are influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and latitude. The south and south-east of England are the least exposed to polar air masses from the north-west, and on occasion see continental tropical air masses from the south, which bring warm dry air in the summer. Many types of weather can be experienced in a single day. The area (known as 'The Isle of Wight and South Coast Anomaly') has seen significant activity and is thought to be due to the shedding of vortices, downwind of the Isle of Wight, under certain weather conditions.[78]. The average temperature in the UK varies from 8.5 °C (47.3 °F) in the north to 11 °C (51.8 °F) in the south. (Weather station: Hereford, Credenhill, United Kingdom). This warm water current warms the climate to such a great extent that if the current did not exist then temperatures in winter would be about 10 °C (18 °F) lower than they are today and similar to eastern Russia or Canada near the same latitude. The St Jude's Day storm first affected the UK on 26 October 2013, and many places saw no respite until a high swept across the country on 2 March 2014. The UK has regional variations in weather with different temperatures and varying weather patterns for England, Scotland, Wales & Northern Ireland, there is occasionally extreme weather experienced in the UK, it can be local, regional or in rare cases national. Here are the average water temperatures at Swansea (located on the coast, west of Cardiff). The temperatures listed are averages of the daily highs and lows. Northern Ireland and the west of Scotland are the most exposed to the maritime polar air mass which brings cool moist air; the east of Scotland and north-east England are more exposed to the continental polar air mass which brings cold dry air. The month saw temperatures below average, despite what was actually a very mild first half. It was even hotter on 27 May 2005, when 31.9 °C (89.4 °F) was recorded in London. Great for event and trip planning! On average the warmest winter temperatures occur on the south and west coasts, however, warm temperatures occasionally occur due to a foehn wind warming up downwind after crossing the mountains. The maximum recorded temperature was 17.2 °C (63.0 °F) at Teignmouth in Devon and Plockton and Achnagart in the Highlands of Scotland on the 16th. The counties that see the most storms are Kent, the eastern part of Surrey, Sussex, Greater London, Essex, Cambridgeshire, Hertfordshire, Suffolk, Norfolk and to a lesser extent Lincolnshire and Nottinghamshire. These thundershowers mainly occur in southern, eastern, and central England and are less frequent and severe in the north and west. Notably a low pressure storm system affected the UK with a central pressure of 914.0mb on 10 January 1993, however this figure is not recorded over the UK but out in the Atlantic, despite the system affecting the UK. In Bath, the climate is warm and temperate. [67] In London, thunderstorms occur on average 14–19 days a year, while in most of Northern Ireland and the west of Scotland thunderstorms occur on around 3 days a year. The average temperature in Bath is 9.7 °C. July is the hottest month in London with an average temperature of 19°C (66°F) and the coldest is January at 5°C (41°F) with the most daily sunshine hours at 7 in June. This is true even for the driest month. The counties of Dorset, Hampshire, Sussex and Kent are the sunniest areas, which have annual average totals of around 1,750 hours of sunshine per year. The cold period from the 16th to the mid-19th centuries is known as the Little Ice Age. While some of this may be due to a recovery from the cooler period of climate mid 20th century (particularly the 1960s) the last 20 years has nonetheless seen an unprecedented level of warm weather. Subscribe to our newsletter. © 2010-2020 World Weather & Climate InformationAll rights reserved. In East Anglia it typically rains on about 113 days per year. Spring is the period from March to May. [72] Hurricane Lili of 1996 and Hurricane Gordon of 2006 both crossed the UK as strong extratropical cyclones with tropical storm-force winds, causing transport closures, power-cuts and flooding in Northern Ireland, Scotland and South West England. The temperature varies with the seasons but seldom drops below -10 degrees Celsius (14.0° Fahrenheit) or rises above 35 degrees Celsius (95° Fahrenheit). The prevailing wind is from the south-west, but it may blow from any direction for sustained periods of time. [3] The climate of south-west England displays a seasonal temperature variation, although it is less extreme than most of the United Kingdom. In fact, la Niña was in place across the tropical Pacific from January–April, and it left an imprint on the region's temp… Some plants flowered that would normally do so in the spring. The mountains of Wales, Scotland, the Pennines in Northern England and the moors of South West England are the wettest parts of the country, and in some of these places as much as 4,577 millimetres (180.2 in) of rain can fall annually,[55] making these locations some of the wettest in Europe. December 2010 was the coldest December in 120 years; the CET (Central England Temperature) was −0.7 °C (30.7 °F); it was the coldest month since February 1986, and the coldest December since 1890. In 1962 it snowed on Boxing Day, and snow lasted in most areas until 6 March, with blizzards through February, which had significant and documented effects on the FA Cup - Wrexham were forced to play on sand for one tie. 3. Towards the later part of the season the weather usually stabilises with less wind, less precipitation and lower temperatures. [52] (CET was 9.7 °C (49.5 °F), this is warmer than even any March[44]). England generally has higher maximum and minimum temperatures than the other areas of the UK, though Wales has higher minima from November to February, and Northern Ireland has higher maxima from December to February. Temperature in the United Kingdom averaged 8.50 celsius from 1743 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 17.29 celsius in July of 2006 and a record low of -1.47 celsius in January of 1814. The season is generally cool, wet, windy, and cloudy. England is also sunnier throughout the year, but unlike Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland, the sunniest month is July, with an average of 193.5 hours. [26], Summer lasts from June to August and is the warmest and usually the sunniest season. [89], According to the Met Office, in the UK, the decade from 2000-2009 was the warmest since instrumental record dating started in 1850. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Cfb. [41] The winter of 2014/2015 was an oddity: it was generally quiet and sunny. Shops and schools remain open, but in the heaviest category pubs and restaurants are closed.The new system has been approved by the British Parliament. Average daily temperatures in the United Kingdom (UK) 2001-2019 Deviation of mean annual temperature in the United Kingdom (UK) 2001-2019 Monthly mean temperature in UK 2015-2020 Summers are warmest in the south east of England, being closest to the European mainland, and coolest in the north. Early spring can be quite cold, and occasionally the lowest temperature of the winter can occur in March, as it did at Heathrow Airport on 5 March 2001, 4 March 2006 and 8 March 2011. The lowest daily mean temperature during December 2015 at Heathrow Airport was 8.2 °C (46.8 °F) (on 9 December), comparable to the average daily high for the calendar month. In Scotland, Fraserburgh in Aberdeenshire recorded 229 km/h (142 mph) on 13 February 1989, which was equalled during Cyclone Xaver on 5 December 2013. The latest 30-year period is for1981-2010. Snow also fell rather widely across the UK on 28–29 October 2008, causing traffic problems where it settled on the M4. 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