For example, in the movie title Superman IV: The Quest for Peace, the is capitalized because it is placed directly after the colon. Hold down the ALT + F11 keys to open the Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications window. 3. Over the weekend, I have. Limit your use of semicolons; you should not scatter them haphazardly throughout your writing. The same would be true for titles in a reference list where only the first word, proper nouns, and the first word after a colon or an em dash should be capitalized. Capitalize an author's name after a semicolon in a multi-author citation, e.g., (Brown & Lee, 2010; Johnson & Smith, 2009). In Chicago style, you capitalize the first letter after the colon only when the colon introduces two or more sentences. Writers and editors searching for consistent, standardized advice about how to capitalize and punctuate bullet points will be sorely disappointed. Capitalization After a Colon or a Dash. However, if the list or series extends over multiple sentences, you should capitalize the first word after the colon in … When to Use a Colon With Capitalization: The puppy left a trail of destroyed items in his wake : shredded papers, mangled stuffed animals and what looked like the remains of a shoe. I have read about the rules for capitalization of colons and the varying rules depending on region and culture. President Bush said, "We will not tire, we will not falter, and we will not fail." A semi-colon does not just indicate a longer pause than a comma. While the colon is simply two dots stacked : the semicolon is a dot hovering over a comma ; The semicolon does jobs that are also done by other punctuation marks, but puts its own spin on the task. The semi-colon is also a conjunctive tool, thus there need not be a capitalization after such. ... Semicolons; The following is a list of rules for using semicolons. The idea is that the list reads like a single sentence, with semicolons separating each point, a conjunction just before the final entry, and a period at the end. Cite it. Capitalization. Do not capitalize the first item after the colon (unless it's a proper noun). Rule 1a. But when do we capitalize the word that follows it? A semi-colon combines two independent clauses into one compound sentence, and it is now just one sentence. ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice. 5.7.1 Confidentiality During Editorial Evaluation and Peer Review and After Publication 5.7.2 Confidentiality in Allegations of Scientific Misconduct 5.7.3 Confidentiality in Legal Petitions and Claims for Privileged Information Do you need help, Mother? Voltaire … Semicolons are often used for combining sentences that are very closely related: ... Sang-hoon finished typing the report and saved multiple copies of it two hours after his supervisor gave the information to him (he types 85 words per minute). So I decided to use the supposedly British grammar and only capitalize nouns or acronyms after a colon. After a semicolon, there should typically not be a capital letter. You were a couch potato.” And in case you’re not clear on when to use a colon instead of, say, a dash or a semicolon or to start a new sentence. Here’s a list of where to use a capital letter: beginning of the sentence, the first word in a bulleted list, company names and section headings. Colons and semicolons should never be used interchangeably. A dash doesn’t require any extra thought regarding capitalization. Use a colon to introduce an item or a series of items. There isn’t a straightforward answer when it comes to figuring out when to capitalize after a colon. Capitalization rule with sentences after colons: If only one sentence follows the colon, do not capitalize the first word of the new sentence. …This is what I want to know: the day he arrived. We could also write this list with commas instead of semicolons. How does a semicolon differ from a colon and comma? The two main clauses that the semicolon joins should be closely related in meaning. Write it. Joining Independent Clauses. It is also appropriate to capitalize words which convey important information, i.e. If you remove the subject and verb, the word after the colon stays lowercase: These rules have only one purpose: to humiliate. Like a comma, it … Do you capitalize after semicolons? “I know what you did last summer: You did nothing. Capitalization After Colons: One Sentence or More? Called a punto or a punto final in Spanish, the period is the easiest punctuation mark. Capitalize the first letters after colons with VBA code in a Word document. The following VBA code can help you to make all the first letters uppercase after the colons in the whole Word document to capitalize, please do as this: 1. The most important things you should know about a termination letter format. ... Don’t use a semicolon instead of a colon to introduce a clause. A semicolon is added to a sentence to join two independent clauses (phrases that... See full answer below. Capitalize the names of national, religious, and local holidays. by Karen Yin | 7 comments. The semicolon is the colon's quirkier sibling. Capitalize the first word after a colon only when it begins a complete sentence. He works hard, and he is a good leader. However, there are some general guidelines that are universal regarding capitalization after a colon: Do not capitalize after a colon if you’re introducing a list. Its main purpose is to connect independent clauses. According to some style guides, you may capitalize the first letter … The items are not capitalized (except for proper nouns… You treat the first word after a dash the same way you’d treat it if it followed a comma. Occasionally you can also use a semi-colon in a list. The rules for capitalization will vary depending on which style guide you use. The Colon. When a semicolon is used, the nature of that connection is variable: the connection may be causal, sequential, oppositional, and so on. Memorial Day, Easter, Founder's Day: Capitalize proper adjectives. One basic rule of APA Style is to capitalize the first word after the colon in a title. Finally, let’s talk about whether you capitalize the first word after a colon or a dash. The general answer is no. What Is a Semicolon? Words after a semicolon should not be capitalized. This handout explains the most common uses of three kinds of punctuation: semicolons (;), colons (:), and dashes (—). Taking a shower: You should do this daily. Between independent clauses. Taken the dog for a walk by the river, Attended a dance class with Yvonne, and Quotation marks are used to identify the exact words of a speaker. Juan Carlos is my best friend. The only words that should be capitalized after a semicolon are proper nouns, which are always capitalized. He works hard; he is a good leader. 2. Allow the meaning of the sentence to help guide the decision. 2. Do you use a capital letter after a semicolon? Scott, it is also improper to capitalize after a semi-colon (;). Put “and” (or, if logic dictates, “or”) after the next-to-last item in the list and a period after the last item. When a colon introduces an incomplete sentence, do not capitalize the first letter unless it is a proper noun. Colons, like semicolons, should be used sparingly. Warning: Do not use a capital letter after a semicolon, unless it is followed by a proper noun. For example: If the items in the list are phrases or clauses with punctuation in them, put a semicolon at the end of each item. Find it. A place where words are commonly capitalized and (generally) shouldn't be capitalized is after a It may seem like capitalization after a semicolon is necessary, especially when two clauses are combined; however, capitalizing words after a semicolon is inappropriate. Quotation Marks (double " or single ') 1. This is to ensure it looks equal to the second sentence (and any others). The colon (:) seems to bewilder many people, though it's really rather easy to use correctly, since it has only one major use.But first please note the following: the colon is never preceded by a white space; it is always followed by a single white space in normal use, and it is never, never, never followed by a hyphen or a dash — in spite of what you might have been taught in school. The Chicago Manual of Style Online is the venerable, time-tested guide to style, usage, and grammar in an accessible online format. No, not unless it is a word that would always be capitalized. But what about lists with colons as separators between list item and its description? A semicolon should be followed by a capital letter only if the word is a proper noun or an acronym. …This is what I want to know: What day did he arrive? ... Use a colon instead of a semicolon or a period between two sentences when the second sentence explains or illustrates something in the first sentence. A semicolon or colon joining two independent clauses signals a connection between them. Capitalize after a Colon When Two or More Sentences Follow the Colon When a colon is followed by two or more sentences that explain or illustrates the text on the left, you should capitalize the first letter of the first sentence. When you finish a sentence, add a period:Juan Carlos es mi mejor amigo. Most of the time, a semi-colon is used to connect two independent clauses that are related in theme and content: Capitalization after Colons. It’s often difficult to know whether to use a comma or a semicolon in a sentence. name of the position, department name, etc. …He provided the following data: The date was the 4th at a little after 5:00. …He provided the following data: the 4th of May at a little after 5:00. I have seen capital letters after colons if what comes after the colon is a full sentence: These rules have only one purpose: They are meant to humiliate. After reading the handout, you will be better able to decide when to use these forms of punctuation in your own writing. ¶ Over 1.5 million copies sold! As you’ve no doubt noticed in these examples, capitalization after a semicolon is not required and would be grammatically incorrect. French, Chinese: Capitalize words used as names. 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