It will then be up to us to prove to the grower and to consumers how these combined companies will be better for them in the long term.”. Seeds of Life: Consolidation in the Seed Industry (7-2010) Filed Under: CUPS Videos, Video Interviews Tagged With: alan kapuler, corn, frank morton, hybrids, monopolies, monsanto, seeds of life, soybeans, wild garden seed. September 27, 2016 Updated: September 28, … Seed industry consolidation continues. So should our resistance. By Andrea Hayley. “If they see that a company has too much impact in a certain area, they may ask them to divest that interest,” she says. These companies also aggressively protect their intellectual property rights on seeds, which means less access to important germplasm and less innovation. Learn about the history of the industry from the role intellectual property rights have played in consolidation, to the increased control of seed genetics and how stricter protections on transgenic intellectual property affected The commercial seed industry has undergone tremendous consolidation in the last 40 years as transnational corporations entered this agricultural sector, and acquired or merged with competing firms. "The agriculture industry has seen several big waves of consolidation lately. “This industry has always balanced competition with collaboration. Discover More: alan kapuler (24) anthony boutard (16) bbq recipes (15) biotechnology (17) chickens (17) climate change (28) community (18) cooking videos (17) csa (17) … Between 1996 and 2008: BASF acquired: Crop Design; ExSeed. This chart depicts changes in ownership involving major seed companies and their subsidiaries, primarily occurring from 1996 to 2013.1 The largest firms are represented as circles, with size proportional to global commercial seed market share.2 For an article providing more detail on these graphics… It wouldn’t make business sense.”. A team effort of RealAgriculture's videographers and editorial staff to make sure that you have the latest in what is happening in agriculture. The other organizations joining the call to block these megamergers included SumofUs, Food & Water Watch, Sierra Club, Pesticide Action Network, Friends of the Earth, Center for Food Safety, Rural Advancement Foundation International and Clif Bar Family Foundation/Seed Matters. This consolidation of the seed industry is cutting down on diversity,” said Barber. the seed industry. Seed industry consolidation project preparing for July vote. Although as recently as the 1970s, it was characterized by thousands of small, mostly family‐owned business, by 2011, just three agrochemical firms controlled more than half of the global proprietary seed market. The commercial seed industry has undergone tremendous consolidation in the last 40 years as transnational corporations entered this agricultural sector and acquired or merged with competing firms. He says the agriculture industry has been consolidating for the past two decades, and so far, the strong public breeding programs have remained intact, and heavy regulation has meant that competition remains strong. That’s why nine groups, including the Organic Seed Alliance (OSA), submitted petitions signed by 708,000 people urging DOJ and elected officials to block these pending mergers. The petitions delivered to DOJ speak to this ongoing threat and warn of less innovation, diversity and resiliency in our seed supply, leaving farmers with fewer options and higher costs. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Jordan adds it would not be in any business’s best interest to alienate their customers, and their research is completed with the end customer in mind. Consolidation in the Seed Industry since 2000 www.agbioinvestor.com Tel: +44 131 677 0267 Email: info@agbioinvestor.com Wensman Seeds (2000) Pride Seeds (2001) Producers Hybrids (2005) Dahlco Seeds (2009) Eureka Seeds (2013) Golden Acre Genetics (2015) JV 50:50 (2000) 2018 The Limagrain seed … Whether it be the lack of a competitive market environment for farmers to sell their products, or fewer choices in the grocery store, concentration within agribusiness affects us all. An innovative seed industry is essential for sustainable growth in crop yields. Since 2010 when this … Seed Industry Structure Is Characterized by Growth and Consolidation. Hear all the details, plus more current food and agriculture reports. New Technology Spurs Consolidation in Seed Industry. Zachary Herrnstadt: Seed industry consolidation is bad news for family farms | Opinion | madison.com Skip to main content A number of studies of consolidation in the seed industry have examined trends up until the turn of the 21st century [5-12], but the most recent, accelerating changes are not as well-characterized [13,14]. Philip Howard, Associate Professor in the Department of Community Sustainability at Michigan State University, has been following developments in the global seed industry for years now. Consolidation in the Seed Industry. The merger of Dow and DuPont, the acquisition of Syngenta by ChemChina, and the merger of Bayer and Monsanto have recently reshaped the global seed industry. As these companies expanded and gained more relevance in a shifting agricultural landscape, a new era of consolidation in the seed industry began. This trend is associated with impacts that constrain the opportunities for renewable agriculture, such as reductions in seed lines and a declining prevalence of seed … The overall seed market at the global level is fragmented, because of the presence of large number of local players marketing certified seeds. During this same period, the seed industry has experienced rapid consolidation. Unsurprisingly, this consolidation wave has sparked worries among farmers, policymakers and the broader public, who fear harmful consequences on prices, innovation and product choice. DuPont and Dow, and ChemChina and Syngenta, also announced agreements to merge. His latest chart illustrates how the ‘Big 6’ agrochemical/seed firms combine into a Big 4. Agronomic and performance results from the 2018 Regional Variety Trials. Howard began his annual tracking of seed industry ownership changes in 1998, a year that served as a turning point for industry consolidation. Two years after genetically engineered (GE) varieties were introduced in 1996, by 1998 the large agribusiness companies had accelerated their consolidation by buying up smaller firms to accumulate more intellectual property (IP) rights. Whether it be the lack of a competitive market environment for farmers to sell their products or fewer choices in the grocery store, concentration within agribusiness affects us all. Consolidation has resulted in the concentration of the industry into fewer, but larger, companies, but overall the number involved in the R&D of new active ingredients is smaller. During this same period, the seed industry has experienced rapid consolidation. “Because of consolidation and concentration in the seed industry, there has been loss of variety and loss of heirloom varieties,” according to Matthew Dillon, a founder of the Organic Seed Alliance of Port Townsend. We all need to speak up in opposition to these mergers while simultaneously working to support policies and programs that expand seed choices for farmers, especially as we head into the next Farm Bill. Dow and DuPont recently concluded their merger, ChemChina is currently finalizing their purchase of Syngenta and Bayer is working through the regulatory hurdles as part of their acquisition of Monsanto. Tell them that increased consolidation in the seed industry will hurt farmers and the communities they feed. Bayer announced in September a merger agreement with Monsanto, which will create the world’s largest supplier in seeds and agricultural chemicals. Every month we'll round up a mix of our best features, recipes, news bites and letters in an e-newsletter, along with other great content. The seeds market is projected to register a CAGR of 7.9% during the forecast period 2020-2025. Organic farmers Theresa and Dan Podoll have witnessed this consolidation firsthand. Intellectual property rights held by the dominant companies typically are fiercely protected through restrictions on how seed is used and exchanged, including research purposes and seed saving that benefits organic agriculture. Organic Valley is transitioning to carrageenan-free foods, Oregon's Coho salmon are facing threats, and President Obama prohibited future oil and gas development in parts of the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans before leaving office. National vs. local seed These companies also aggressively protect their IP rights, which means less innovation and more restrictions on how seed is used and exchanged, including for seed saving and research purposes. The chart above depicts changes in ownership involving major seed companies and their subsidiaries, primarily occurring from 1996 to 2013.1 The largest firms are represented as circles, with size proportional to global commercial seed market share.2 Measures to Overcome Seed Industry Consolidation One change that would slow consolidation would be greater antitrust enforcement. In 1883, the American Seed Trade Association (ASTA) formed and immediately lobbied for the cessation of the government programs. Visualizing Consolidation in the Global Seed Industry 1996–2018. Jordan says Bayer and Monsanto have very little overlap, and any duplication will be addressed through global regulatory networks in advance of finalizing the deal. We need to keep speaking up against seed mergers by contacting our members of Congress, the Department of Justice, and our state attorneys general. Contents. “More research is needed to find solutions to problems that we are currently struggling with in Canadian farming, such as Fusarium in wheat,” he says. Three companies (Monsanto, DuPont and Syngenta) already collectively control more than half the commercial seed market, according to Dr. Philip Howard of Michigan State University, who documents and studies consolidation in food and agricultural markets. Andy LaVigne, president of the American Seed Trade Association (ASTA), says industry consolidation has slowed. Play Video . Consolidation in the seed industry is not new but has accelerated rapidly since the mid-1990s, when patented, transgenic crops were commercialized. Seed Industry Structure 1996-2018 Phil Howard Associate Professor Michigan State University . And as a non-GM trait, this technology wasn’t as complex as much of current seed trait research. Enforcement The commercialization of full patent-protected transgenic seeds in the 1990s has triggered even greater consolidation with agrochemical companies bundling technologies at a premium. “Most growers already have established strong connections with all of these companies and even with consolidation, I don’t see them reducing their levels of service. “We don’t have a solution to Fusarium right now and it is possible that solution will come from seed. Dow and DuPont recently concluded their merger, ChemChina is currently finalizing their purchase of Syngenta and Bayer is working through the regulatory hurdles as part of their acquisition of Monsanto. At the same time that agrochemical companies were taking over the seed industry, they were also combining into fewer and fewer )rms. Consolidation has increased in the international seed industry in recent decades. The dominant seed system is driven by the profit motives of chemical and biotechnology companies that leverage intellectual property rights to their advantage, discouraging farmers from participating in research and seed saving. Copyright © 2000-2020 Puget Consumers Co-op. From the archive: organic seed breeder Frank Morton explains the structure and the consolidation in the agricultural seed industry. Industry Consolidation 3 years ago - Jennifer Barber. However, there are segments within the market, which are consolidated such as in maize and vegetables. Keywords: seed industry; consolidation; concentration; oligopoly; information graphics 1. At the same time that agrochemical companies were taking over the seed industry, they were also combining into fewer and fewer )rms. The face of the many large agri-business companies in Canada is changing. Seed industry consolidation has keyed apprehension regarding fewer market choices and higher prices that federal agencies have ignored, Maxwell says. This consolidation of the seed industry is cutting down on diversity,” said Barber. December 6, 2019. “While we can’t predict whether there will be another wave of mergers, the current relationships are strong within the industry as each segment solidifies their marketing base,” he says. Close-up of mid adult woman's palm with freshly harvested flower seeds. 1 Mergers and Acquisitions 1996-2008; 2 Articles and resources. The graphic below shows ownership changes occurring from 1996, when the top three corporations in the global seed industry controlled 22% of the industry, to 2018. Listen to t. Discover (and save!) This trend is associated with impacts that constrain the opportunities for renewable agriculture, such as reductions in seed lines and a declining prevalence of seed saving. Consolidation in the seed industry is not new but has accelerated rapidly since the mid-1990s, when patented, transgenic crops were commercialized. The face of the many large agri-business companies in Canada is changing. Still, the move is needed and a positive one, say industry … Dr. Phil Howard, the creator of the popular Who Owns Organics infographic, updated his work on corporate consolidation in the global seed industry in December 2018. This trend is associated with impacts that constrain the opportunities for renewable agriculture, such as reductions in seed lines and declining prevalence of seed saving ( Howard, 2009 ). “Because of the seed industry’s past, present and future research and development investments, America’s farmers have access to a better quality and larger variety of seed products than ever before. The USDA recently announced its intention to hold joint hearings/public workshops in 2010 to consider antitrust issues in agriculture, first examining the seed industry, followed by beef and dairy. This trend is associated with impacts that constrain the opportunities for renewable agriculture, such as reductions in seed lines and a declining prevalence of seed saving. The Podolls farm organically in Fullerton, North Dakota, and run an organic seed business. 1 Mergers and Acquisitions 1996-2008; 2 Articles and resources. The commercial seed industry has undergone tremendous consolidation in the last 40 years as transnational corporations entered this agricultural sector, and acquired or merged with competing firms. The seed industry is one of the most consolidated in agriculture — and it’s getting worse. “It is becoming more and more challenging to bring innovation to market, and companies have to invest heavily to bring new technologies to customers.”. 2017 Seed Company Family Tree Ccreated Septebmer 2017 by Robert Walsh WaSoo Farm, Elk Point, South Dakota: Syngenta Brands Family Tree Ccreated January 2017 by Robert Walsh, WaSoo Farm, Elk Point, South Dakota : … We hope that these merged companies will have the means to invest in research at a more intense level.”, Trish Jordan, public and industry affairs director with Monsanto, agrees. However, recent mergers and takeovers in the global seed industry have attracted much debate in terms of their potential to stifle competition and innovation. Enforcement Industry Consolidation 3 years ago - Jennifer Barber. RealAgriculture News Team . For example, Monsanto and DuPont control more than 60 percent of the retail market for corn and soybeans alone, and Monsanto is the industry leader in vegetable seed sales as well. Vote with your dollar — choose organic seed and organic food! A recent OECD study has collected new detailed information on the degree of concentration in markets for seed across a broad range of crops and … Once a product has been developed, it then requires more money to conduct the number of studies necessary to satisfy the needs of the grower [and] the consumer, and also meet government requirements.”. When you look at specific crop markets, the level of consolidation is even more extreme. Find Seed Search seed for sale from ASGA members by variety, location and member name. “The changes in the seed industry since 1984, when we began farming, has been one of dramatic consolidation and monopolistic control,” Theresa explains. 2.1 Related SourceWatch articles; 2.2 References; 2.3 External resources; 2.4 External articles; Mergers and Acquisitions 1996-2008. Drivers of Consolidation in the Seed Industry and its Consequences for Innovation 14 January 2011 Prepared by: Piet Schenkelaars, Schenkelaars Biotechnology Consultancy Huib de Vriend, LIS Consult Nicholas Kalaitzandonakes, University of Missouri In cooperation with: Alexandre Magnier, University of Missouri Douglas Miller, University of Missouri This report was commissioned by COGEM. lemken.com Diese Kombinationen sind ideal für ganzflächiges Lockern, intensives Mischen, gute Rückverfestigung, verstopfungsfrei es Ablegen un d Andrücken des Saatguts im Boden. The costs to introduce new technologies are often so high due to the amount of time it takes to bring products to market. When it comes to the needs of organic farmers, they’re already underserved because the dominant players invest only in seed technologies and chemical production systems that are in conflict with organic farming practices and principles. “If we aren’t offering the options that growers are asking for, then we won’t be successful as a business.”. Sign up for Organic Seed Alliance’s newsletter with timely policy updates: seedalliance.org. Abstract: Intellectual property protections on seeds have increased dramatically in recent decades, from the granting of patent-like protections on certain types of seeds in 1970 to the enforcement of contract provisions for seeds beyond the first sale in 2013. Consolidation in the Seed Industry. Report from ETC Group (extracts only) In the first half of the 20th century, seeds were overwhelmingly in the hands of farmers and public-sector plant breeders. Agriculture still has more than 3,500 companies across North America that provide goods and services, and the change from six to three big life sciences companies is really just allowing for greater investment into the industry.”. Soon PCC will be offering Sound Consumer articles by email. 2.1 Related SourceWatch articles; 2.2 References; 2.3 External resources; 2.4 External articles; Mergers and Acquisitions 1996-2008 . The need for new active ingredients has been demonstrated due to the increasing impact of weed and disease resistance, with insect resistance also a significant factor. The seed industry is one of the most consolidated in agriculture — and it’s getting worse. From SourceWatch. Here’s how we can counter that. The industry flourished to some degree, but early seed trade professionals felt their growth was stymied by the U.S. government programs as well as the self-replicating nature of their product (that is, the factory contained within that product). Seed Industry Consolidation: A recent trend in seed industry development Authors: Rajesh Kumar Sharma 1 and B S Tomar 2 1 PhD Scholar, 2 Head Division of Vegetable Science, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi-110012 In the last 40 years, the commercial seed industry has transformed dramatically. Contents. The industry flourished to some degree, but early seed trade professionals felt their growth was stymied by the U.S. government programs as well as the self-replicating nature of their product (that is, the factory contained within that product). Weidler says for Bayer and Monsanto, in the short-term growers won’t really see any change as the new business’s number one focus will be on serving their customer. THE COMMERCIAL SEED industry has undergone tremendous consolidation in the last 40 years as transnational corporations entered this agricultural sector, and acquired Or merged with competing firms. This consolidation of the seed industry is cutting down on diversity,” said Barber. Consolidation in the Seed Industry since 2000 www.agbioinvestor.com Tel: +44 131 677 0267 Email: info@agbioinvestor.com Wensman Seeds (2000) Pride Seeds (2001) Producers Hybrids (2005) Dahlco Seeds (2009) Eureka Seeds (2013) Golden Acre Genetics (2015) JV 50:50 (2000) 2018 The Limagrain seed … More. “The patenting and restrictive licensing of seed, genes and plant breeding material has drastically eroded access to biodiversity,” Theresa says. History shows us that consolidation in the seed industry leads to fewer choices for all farmers, regardless of what they grow and how they grow it. “We must take the seed in hand and create alternative systems that provide for ecological, political and economic access to biodiverse and elastic seed systems capable of adapting to a changing climate.”. What are the consequences and will they be allowed in organics? Seed diversity is decreasing and seed prices are going up. New, experimental genetic engineering techniques are altering food and other products while racing ahead of regulations. DuPont and Dow, and ChemChina and Syngenta, also announced agreements to merge. The seed industry. “New entrants into the business are continuing to change the way the business of agriculture works,” she says. If the Department of Justice (DOJ) allows these three megamergers to move forward, three corporations will own nearly 60 percent of the world’s seed supply. “Our seed system is ecologically brittle. The seed industry probably saw its first boom and subsequent consolidation with the development of hybrid corn in the 1930s. The global seed industry as it is today began to take shape in the 1990s. This article was originally published in February 2017. Introduction In the last 40 years, the commercial seed industry has transformed dramatically. ASTA Statement on Seed Industry Consolidation . Search seed for sale from ASGA members by variety, location and member name. “These mega companies, seed companies, are not invested in deliciousness, they're not invested in ecological issues that we need to face in the future.” Close-up of mid adult woman's palm with freshly harvested flower seeds Producing food for a growing population. Between 2008 and 2013, there were more than 70 seed company acquisitions by the top eight firms. Find seed cleaning and retail services offered by ASP member plants. Seed Industry Structure 1996 - 2018 Phil Howard, Associate Professor, Michigan State University https://philhoward.net Chemical Companies Zimmerman Seed Companies Other Companies Partial Ownership Full Ownership Sunseeds CropDesign (1995) Roussel-Uclaf Dahlco joint research & development Becker Underwood Kenfeng-KWS Kenfeng Genective GreatLakes CerealGrains … Bayer announced in September a merger agreement with Monsanto, which will create the world’s largest supplier in seeds and agricultural chemicals. For growers concerned about competition, Jordan stresses the global competition process is very demanding, and that each country’s regulatory body looks at individual pieces of the combined business and it decides if it is adding or detracting to competition in the marketplace. A nu m ber of studi es of consol idation in the seed industry have exam ined trends up unti l the turn of the 21st century [5-12] , but the m ost rece nt, accel erating changes are not as well -chara cterized [13 ,14] . Our seed system is politically brittle.”, “But these challenges also present an opportunity — and as a seed steward, an imperative — to act,” Theresa adds. The face of the many large agri-business companies in Canada is changing. Consolidation has increased in the international seed industry in recent decades. Read the “State of Organic Seed” report outlining our roadmap for developing organic seed in a way that avoids the negative trends seen in the nonorganic sector (stateoforganicseed.org). Since 2010 when this … He says he hopes these larger entities could also have increased power in lobbying for increasing government funding for research. “These mega companies, seed companies, are not invested in deliciousness, they're not invested in ecological issues that we need to face in the future.” View photos. “The merger between Monsanto and Bayer is driven by the need for investment, and to continue to drive research and development on both the seed and the chemical sides of the business,” she says. Consolidation and Intellectual Property Rights in the Seed Industry Patents and Cross-Licensing Seeds, especially genetically modified seeds, are pro-tected by patent law. In 2019, North America was the largest geographical segment of the market studied and accounted for a share of around 35% of the market. Kiki Hubbard is director of advocacy and communications for the Organic Seed Alliance. seed division FirstLine JacobHartz (1995) Asgrow Holdens Renessen Cargill Calgene CargillNorthAmerica Agracetus PBIC Unilever Monsoy FTSementes DeltaPineLand Syngenta's Global Cotton Division Paras Mahendra Daehnfeldt ASI Crows MidwestSeedGenetics WilsonSeeds GoldCountry HeritageSeeds NCPlusHybrids SpecialtyHybrids Fontanelle StewartSeeds TrelaySeeds StoneSeeds … The commercial seed industry is no exception. Introduction In the last 40 years, the commercial seed industry has transformed dramatically. your own Pins on Pinterest The global seed trade is dominated by life industry giants whose vast economic power over plant germplasm has effectively marginalized the role of public sector plant breeding and research. While there is a lot of change right now, the agriculture businessplace is not shrinking.”. Nov 22, 2013 - This Pin was discovered by This is Zero Hour. Sign up. With fewer chemical and seed companies on the horizon, it’s expected growers will benefit from the kind of high dollar investment in research and development that other big technology industries have seen in recent years. “At the end of the day, we have to make sure that our business relationships are intact and that we are able to provide the same level of service as we have in the past,” he says. "But the real concern from our perspective was that the skills of working with seed are being lost even more than the seed themselves. These combinations are ideal for loosening of the complete width, intensive mixture, good reconsolidation and clogging free placement and pressing of the seed under the mulch. Written on 19 September 2016. RealAgriculture News Team. She admits growers worry about having fewer choices – but in fact they could have more choice as the combined products and services offer a larger combination of solutions. 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