De Montfort fell foul of Henry III in leading a popular baronial revolt for reform, after which he founded the first parliament in 1265. The castle's outer defence walls were taken down in 1650. Kenilworth Castle is a beautiful castle in a lovely setting, making for a pleasant day trip. We decided to visit Kenilworth Castle as we were staying close by. Image courtesy of Barrie Lambert. The story behind its construction, basically a huge gesture by Robert Dudley to woo Elizabeth I, is both interesting and moving. Worth mentioning there's parking on site and the food at the cafe was good. It is believed that the young queen wanted to marry Dudley, but his reputation had been tainted by rumours surrounding the suspicious death of his wife. AQA GCSE History: British Depth Studies: Elizabethan England, c1568–c1603 - The Historic Environment of Kenilworth Castle: 2021. Enough of the castle remains for you to be able to see how grand it was in its day. Here, Nicola Tallis tells the story of the love triangle between the three Tudors Kenilworth became a favourite residence of the British Monarchy. Kenilworth Castle's 16th-century gatehouse, built by Robert Dudley Warned by his host against the squire, and having confided to him how Amy had been entrapped, Tressilian left Cumnor by night, and, after several adventures by the way, reached the residence of Sir Hugh Robsart, Amy's father, to assist him in laying his daughter's case before the queen. The castle achieved international fame with the publication in 1821 of Sir Walter Scott’s Kenilworth, a tragic novel revolving around Queen Elizabeth, Robert Dudley and his wife, Amy. The great Kenilworth booze-up: how to party like it's 1575 It's gone down as the social event of the age- Robert Dudley's three-week bash for Elizabeth I. Kenilworth Castle was perhaps made most famous by Sir Walter Scott in his novel published in 1821, with the story set in 1575 leading up to a state visit by Queen Elizabeth to Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester. What an amazing day at Kenilworth Castle for the Christmas weekend. But with Dudley–after a period of coolness–her relationship continued, amazingly, much as before. He constructed a strong central keep, with walls 20 feet thick, surrounded by a ditch and an outer earthen embankment. It is reputed that the entertainments at Kenilworth almost bankrupted Dudley. Kenilworth Castle. During the 1570s, Robert Leicester (before patronage, Robert Dudley) restored and extended Kenilworth Castle, and built the spectacular Elizabethan Gardens. I n 1553, Kenilworth castle had been granted to John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland. First built in the 1120s and a royal castle for most of its history, it was expanded by King John, John of Gaunt and Henry V. In 1563 Elizabeth I granted it to Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, who converted Kenilworth… Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester (1532 or 1533–1588) lived at Kenilworth Castle. Handsome and immensely ambitious, he failed to win the Queen’s hand in marriage but remained her close friend to the end of his life. De Clinton’s original building was probably of wood, but he may also have been responsible for the great sandstone Norman Keep. The resources are also suitable for Edexcel, OCR (particlarly the site study), WJEC GCSE History and iGCSE History. During 1563, Elizabeth I gifted the palace to Robert Dudley the Earl of Leicester. They were now old friends, bound together by nearly forty years of shared experience and affection. Immortalised and romanticised by Sir Walter Scott in his early 19th century novel, Kenilworth is probably one of the finest ruined castles to be seen in Britain today. The entrance was wide enough for carriages to pass through at ground level and above the passageway were two floors of accommodation. Elizabeth I strolls in the gorgeous new gardens of Kenilworth Castle with her dashing host, Robert Dudley. Kenilworth Castle has been intimately linked with some of the most important names in English history. One of the castle’s most famous periods was the 16th century, when it was acquired by the Dudley family. Henry II took over the castle 50 years later, to counter an attack from his son’s rebel army. The story of Queen Elizabeth I and Robert Dudley has fascinated people for more than 450 years. Rumours abounded that Dudley sought to marry the queen, and their relationship may well have gone beyond that of … Simon de Montfort was killed in the battle of Evesham in 1265 and his body dismembered. She was furious, and never spoke to Lettice again. The lesson starts with a recap of prior knowledge of Dudley from the ‘marriage’ lesson. One of the first buildings that the Earl of Leicester added to Kenilworth Castle was a gatehouse which Dudley began building in1570. The 1575 Kenilworth festivities So far as can be determined, the Kenilworth festivities were designed by Dudley as an extended marriage proposal. Dudley, who was also the Master of the Horse, overseeing all the queen’s equestrian needs for travel and hunting, was granted Kenilworth Castle by Elizabeth I in 1563. Famously he entertained the queen here for 19 days of festivities in 1575. These works were able to happen due to substantial grants from Elizabeth I who visited Kenilworth four times: in 1566, 1568, 1572 and 1575. The lands around Kenilworth, and a licence to build a castle, were granted in the 1120s to Geoffrey de Clinton, who was Chamberlain and Treasurer to Henry I. Kenilworth Castle dates from the twelfth century, and Leicester's Building was completed in the sixteenth century. When the Monarchy was restored, Kenilworth Castle passed to the Villiers family (later Earl of Clarendon) until 1938 when Lord Kenilworth placed his property in the care of the nation. Quite why Sir Geoffrey chose this obscure village location in Warwickshire for his fortress is anybody's guess. Elizabethan Kenilworth Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester inherited Kenilworth and did major works between 1570 and 1572. Kenilworth is probably most associated with the visit that Elizabeth I paid to Dudley in July 1575 and the extravagant festivities held in her honor. A home where Colonel Hawkesworth stayed. Queen Elizabeth at Wanstead Hall. John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, acting as protector for the young Richard II, remodelled the buildings into a palace,and built the magnificent hall and private apartments overlooking the Mere. Square The ‘round table of one hundred knights’ and their ladies took place in 1279 and Kenilworth was one of a small number of licensed tournament grounds where knights were able to meet. Could you take a few minutes to help us better understand what Kenilworth means to you and how we can make it better place to visit? During the Civil War, the Royalists initially occupied the castle but it was later held by the Parliamentarians, who demolished the north wall of the keep and the north curtain wall to make the castle indefensible in 1650. The first castle at Kenilworth was built 50 years after the Norman conquest when Henry I gave the Royal Estate of Stoneleigh to Geoffrey de Clinton. The exhibition reveals some fascinating facts about Elizabeth's visit to the castle in 1575 and features paintings of the Queen, her favourite, and an original tapestry commissioned by Robert Dudley. The figures in the garden may include representations of Robert and Lettice Dudley. History Assessment (Causation) What were the causes of Slavery. - See 1,987 traveler reviews, 1,731 candid photos, and great deals for Kenilworth, UK, at Tripadvisor. Often – as at Kenilworth in the summer of 1575 – Dudley’s feelings for the queen found expression in the plays and paintings he commissioned for her pleasure. registered in England (Company No 02017289) with its registered office at 26 Red Lion The impressive ruins of Kenilworth Castle are located in a little village in Warwickshire, England. In the previous post, I simply mentioned that he’d transformed the fortified castle into a great palace – which is exactly what he did. When Robert Dudley, the Earl of Leicester, took possession of Kenilworth Castle in the 1560s he continued the building and modernisation work, and the creation of formal gardens. The resources that I have created enabled my GCSE History class to attain P8 +0.57 during the 2019 summer examination series and many students secured Level 9s - the most of any class in my entire school. It is the largest medieval fortress in the country and is best known for its role in the love story between Queen Elizabeth I and Robert Dudley. This grant had been renewed to his son, the Earl of Leicester, by Elizabeth herself. Thomas Underhill (1545–1591) was keeper of the wardrobe at Kenilworth Castle. Kenilworth Castle was an important Lancastrian stronghold during the Wars of the Roses (1455-85) and belonged to royalty until 1553, when it was handed over to prominent figure John Dudley. Before I plunge into describing the building works undertaken by Robert Dudley in the 16th century, I want to step back apace and take a look at the actual buildings added by John of Gaunt between 1373 and 1380. The northern wall was destroyed in … The building of an impressive new gatehouse at the northern boundary, and his luxurious suite of Tudor apartments meant that the Castle was ready to entertain the Queen. The lands around Kenilworth, and a licence to build a castle, were granted in the 1120s to Geoffrey de Clinton, who was Chamberlain and Treasurer to Henry I. Kenilworth Castle, with Leicester's Building left of centre. Famously he entertained the queen here for 19 days of festivities in 1575. History / Early-modern history (1500 -1750), History / Early-modern history (1500 -1750) / Social history, History / Historical skills and investigation, History / Thematic and breadth studies / Local study, Elizabethan Architecture - Historic Environment: 2022, Elizabethan 'Great Chain of Being' - Historic Environment: 2022, Responses to Elizabethan Poverty - Historic Environment: 2022. Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester (l. c. 1532-1588 CE), was a high-ranking courtier who rose to become a favourite of Elizabeth I of England (r. 1558-1603 CE). In addition, this specific component - Elizabethan England, c1568–c1603 - were above average according to AQA Enhanced Results Analysis. The supporters of his eldest surviving son (also Simon) held Kenilworth for a year after the battle , despite generous offers of surrender from the king and the siege at Kenilworth was one of the longest in English history lasting for over six months. From a 17th century plan, the Tudor gardens have been reconstructed in the form of a parterre. Sir Walter Scott, of this place did write, And many came to see the site, He made extensive changes to the castle until his death in 1588. When Robert Dudley, the Earl of Leicester, took possession of Kenilworth Castle in the 1560s he continued the building and modernisation work, and the creation of formal gardens. In 1563 Elizabeth I granted the castle to Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, who transformed Kenilworth into a magnificent palace. Meanwhile, Robert was created Baron Denbigh and Earl of Leicester on 29th September 1564 - the queen somewhat reducing the dignity of the occasion by putting her hand into his collar to tickle his neck. He turned Kenilworth into a great Renaissance home, especially designed to receive the Queen and also her accompanying court. A photomechanical copy of a drawing showing an artist's impression of the Great Hall, or Banqueting Hall, of Kenilworth Castle in the Tudor era. The castle's outer defence walls were taken down in 1650. It must be one of the largest ruined castles in the country and there's so much to see and learn about. The siege was only ended by disease and famine within the castle. The grant was renewed to his son, Robert Dudley, the Earl of Leicester and favourite of Elizabeth I. This was intended to be a grand new entrance to the castle. London WC1R 4HQ. Being able to climb to the top was a bonus, fantastic views of the surrounding countryside and the castle itself. The building of an impressive new gatehouse at the northern boundary, and his luxurious suite of Tudor apartments meant that the Castle was ready to entertain the Queen. Today you can see how it looked when the last caretaker left in the late 1930s. For up to date information on opening times and events for Kenilworth Castle and Elizabethan Gardens, please visit English Heritage. In Part I of this post last week I took a brief look at the history of Kenilworth Castle from its origins in the 1120s to the 16th century when it was given to Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester by Elizabeth I. Kenilworth Castle is a beautiful castle in a lovely setting, making for a pleasant day trip. Dudley spent lavishly on the castle, transforming it into a fashionable Tudor palace. Elizabeth I visited four times, spending 19 days there on the last occasion, the longest she had stayed at a courtier's house. The castle’s fortifications were dismantled in 1650 after the English Civil War. One of the first buildings that the Earl of Leicester added to Kenilworth Castle was a gatehouse which Dudley began building in1570. This was intended to be a grand new entrance to the castle. Elizabeth I granted Kenilworth Castle to Robert Dudley in 1563 and the following year he was created Earl of Leicester. The Keep, Kenilworth Castle. Kenilworth stayed in royal hands until 1253, when the King’s brother-in-law Simon de Montfort (Earl of Leicester) was made governor by Henry III. After the death of Robert Dudley, Kenilworth Castle returned to the Crown. Explain how and Robert Dudley changed Kenilworth Castle. Most of the windows were widened or replaced by Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, in the 16th century. Yet, following his execution, it returned to the Crown, as it had done intermittently throughout its history. He turned Kenilworth into a great Renaissance home, especially designed to receive the Queen and also her accompanying court. The Castle is one of the jewels of the properties that English Heritage manages and it plays host to a huge number of events every year. Lesson Objective: how far did Robert Dudley make Kenilworth less of a castle? Nonetheless, the stakes he was playing were equally high. Built on crossroads, years ago, There’s so much here for you to know, de Clinton laid the foundation stone, ... Robert Dudley’s gatehouse made. P.W. Following his execution, it returned to the Crown. Dudley, who was also the Master of the Horse, overseeing all the queen’s equestrian needs for travel and hunting, was granted Kenilworth Castle by Elizabeth I in 1563. Lesson Objective: how far did Robert Dudley make Kenilworth less of a castle? The building of an impressive new gatehouse at the northern boundary, and his luxurious suite of Tudor apartments meant that the Castle was ready to entertain the Queen. Lesson Objective: how far did Robert Dudley make Kenilworth less of a castle? How did Robert Dudley change Kenilworth Castle? Owing to marking GCSE History for AQA during the 2019 summer examination series, all of my original resources have been amended and updated for students studying GCSE History syllabus. Dramatically portrayed amidst the gentle rolling countryside of Warwickshire, Kenilworth Castle is a memorable landmark of the powerful Normans, and a fitting memorial to the power games of Elizabethan England. When Lettice Knollys, Countess of Leicester, married Elizabeth I's favourite, Robert Dudley, in 1578 without telling the queen, sparks flew in the Palace of Whitehall. Here he received the insulting gift of tennis balls from the French Dauphin (Shakespeare: Henry V, Act 1, scene 2), and it was to here that he returned after his success at the Battle of Agincourt in 1415. Kenilworth Town Council 3rd December 2020, “Electric cars – you’ll wish you’d bought one sooner”, Kenilworth Methodist Church, Priory Road, CV8 1LQ, Finance & Gen Services, Planning – Recommend Budget and Precept GRANT APPLICATIONS (4). The castle’s fortifications were dismantled in 1650 after the English Civil War. Kenilworth Castle is located in the town of Kenilworth in Warwickshire, England.Constructed from Norman through to Tudor times, the castle has been described by the architectural historian Anthony Emery as "the finest surviving example of a semi-royal palace of the later middle ages, significant for its scale, form and quality of workmanship". I n 1553, Kenilworth castle had been granted to John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland. The relationship between Elizabeth and Dudley went back to their childhood and remained throughout. Leicester’s aim was to seduce Queen Elizabeth I with his phenomenal hospitality – and hence claim her hand in marriage. Edward II was imprisoned at the Castle for a time. In 1563 Elizabeth I granted the castle to Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, who transformed Kenilworth into a magnificent palace. Explain how and Robert Dudley changed Kenilworth Castle. KS3 Migration: Were the Anglo Saxons the founders of England? Elizabeth would stay here for the next 19 days, the longest she stayed anywhere during her progresses. Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester During the reign of Elizabeth, Kenilworth came into the possession of John Dudley's son Robert, who made many modifications and additions to the castle. This grant had been renewed to his son, the Earl of Leicester, by Elizabeth herself. Remaining substantially intact are the great Tudor gatehouse and stabling block located in the outer court, both from Robert Dudley’s time. Nonetheless, the stakes he was playing were equally high. Tes Global Ltd is Explain how and Robert Dudley changed Kenilworth Castle. During 1563, Elizabeth I gifted the palace to Robert Dudley the Earl of Leicester. So much to do for the kids inc Santa Clause but more than this was the brilliant decorations throughout the castle. The castle achieved international fame with the publication in 1821 of Sir Walter Scott’s Kenilworth, a tragic novel revolving around Queen Elizabeth, Robert Dudley and his wife, Amy. On this day in Tudor history, 7th October 1577, author, poet, courtier and soldier George Gascoigne died in Stamford, Lincolnshire. In due course he was re-united with his new French Queen, Katherine, for the first time on English soil, here at the Pleasaunce. 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