While Muslims did not drink alcohol, they did use their technological aptitude and scholarly pursuit of science to develop the modern Alembic, or “still” (Alambique in Spanish, more Arabic-based terminology). Agriculture. In 756, Al-Andulus proclaimed itself an independent state. For about 600 years, the Iberian Peninsula was controlled by the Romans who valued the peninsula (or Hispania as they called it) as a source of food e.g. In 755, what was the first territory to declare its independence from the Abbasid caliphate? Arabs in Spain and France: 711-732 The short journey across the water from Africa, bringing an army into Spain in 711, begins the final thrust of Arab expansionism in the west. A united Arab front enabled early Muslims to organise and mobilise the resources needed to spread Islam beyond the Arabia. In this case, loyalty to family is of great importance, even more than to one’s own country. To be Arab meant to be from the Arabic-speaking world — a world of common traditions, customs and value — shaped by a single and unifying language. By the 10th century elementary education was general throughout Arab Spain. There have been Arabs in Spain (Spanish: Árabes en España) since the early 8th century when the Umayyad conquest of Hispania created the state of Al-Andalus.In modern times there are expatriates from a range of Arab countries, particularly Morocco, Algeria, Lebanon, Syria, the Palestinian Territories, and Iraq; and also small groups from Egypt, Tunisia, Libya, Jordan and Sudan. This is a difficult issue to address by most Spaniards, specially for those who live in Spain and never traveled to countries of Arabic culture. The earliest Arabic manuscript written on paper that has been discovered is the Ghareeb Al Hadeeth by Abu ‘Ubayed, dated 837 CE. These had an enormous impact on European learning. Spanish Food. Despite this simple description, Berber ancient history is truly complex. One of the important things in life to a typical Arab is his or her own kin. Introduction. The point of this entry, then, is simply to draw your attention to how interconnected European and Arabic culture used to be, and how there is a link between the glorious age of Arab science and culture (800-1100) and the beginnings of the Italian Renaissance. Islamic Spain (711-1492) Islamic Spain was a multi-cultural mix of Muslims, Christians and Jews. The traditional structure of an Arab family always had family as the foundation. Great question. Islam is a religion that is primarily associated with the Middle East. What other vice did the Moors bring to Spain, in addition to sugar? Al-Andalus. Casimiro said that as a country, Portugal turns to the sea: "Our backs are turned to the land, and we are always looking at the sea. But, it was the Romans, and later the Muslims from North Africa, who played the greatest role in shaping Spain's cultural future. To be Arab, then as now, was not to come from a particular race or lineage. But the culture is best represented in the Arab architecture. The Abbasid caliphs established the city of Baghdad in 762 CE. ... How did the registration of Arab Muslim soldiers in the diwān provide unity and strength to military forces? Distilled alcohol (another Arabic-rooted word, by the way). Advances in Industry Under Islamic rule, Spain was an industrial center. Moorish culture was a composite culture as the Moors acquired knowledge from both East and West. Most notably, Muslim Spain was the first region of Europe where Christians, Jews and Muslims lived side by side without significant religious strife. What particular skill did the Turks bring to the Muslim state when they were taken as slave soldiers? 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