Information is then relayed through the Data Link interface that usually located on the underneath of the steering column. Here, the inputs A and B are having positive signs and C is having a negative sign. Write down the equations for the current passing through all series branch elements and voltage across all shunt branches. An engine control unit (ECU), also commonly called an engine control module (ECM) or powertrain control module (PCM), is a type of electronic control unit that controls a series of actuators on an internal combustion engine to ensure optimal engine performance. It does this by reading values from a multitude of sensors within the engine bay, interpreting the data using multidimensional performance maps (called lookup tables), and adjusting the engine actuators. And then combine those block diagrams properly in order to get the overall block diagram of series of RLC Circuit (s-domain). ECU Block Diagram. In aeronautical applications, the systems are known as "FADECs" (Full Authority Digital Engine Controls). Block Diagram of an Automatic Clutch and Throttle system • Control of clutch engagement and disengagement • Improved safety • Prevention of engine starting when in gear • Inappropriate gear change Throttle motor Electronic control unit Hydraulic power unit and solenoid control valve (operation clutch release lever) Clutch release lever So, the summing point produces the output, Y as sum of A and B. The circuit is as shown in the following figure. It produces the algebraic sum of the inputs. It also monitors the ECU section for reliability. To accommodate for engine modifications, a programmable ECU can be used in place of the factory-shipped ECU. When modifying an engine to include aftermarket or upgrade components, stock ECUs may or may not be able to provide the correct type of control for the application(s) in which the engine may be used. Block diagrams consist of a single block or a combination of blocks. It is to your car what the motherboard is to your computer. Download engine control unit block diagram ebook PDF Full Ebook online right now by later than colleague below. Programming an ECU typically requires interfacing the unit with a desktop or laptop computer; this interfacing is required so the programming computer can send complete engine tunings to the engine control unit as well as monitor the conditions of the engine in realtime. i am a technician in mechanical/coventional type of diesel engine, specially in fuel system. We require a summing point to get $\left \{ V_i(s)-V_o(s) \right \}$. Electrical systems contain mainly three basic elements — resistor, inductor and capacitor. Let us now draw the block diagrams for these two equations individually. The above block diagram consists of two blocks having transfer functions G(s) and H(s). The valves are usually opened sooner at higher speed than at lower speed. This is due to the common configuration of a carbureted engine with a magneto ignition system that does not require electrical power generated by an alternator to run, which is considered a safety advantage. Combine all these block diagrams properly in order to get the overall block diagram of the electrical circuit (s-domain). Basic Elements of Block Diagram. [3] This device replaced the 6 controls used to initiate hard acceleration with one control in the 801 series-equipped aircraft. That means with the help of take-off point, we can apply the same input to one or more blocks, summing points. The engine acts as the This circuit is in time domain. At steady load conditions, the valve opens, fuel is injected, and the valve closes. Let us consider the block diagram of a closed loop control system as shown in the following figure to identify these elements. However, it had some problems: it would surge the engine, making close formation flying of the Fw 190 (Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Wurger), a single-engine single-seat German fighter aircraft, somewhat difficult, and at first it switched supercharger gears harshly and at random, which could throw the aircraft into an extremely dangerous stall. In the early 1970s, the Japanese electronics industry began producing integrated circuits and microcontrollers for engine control in Japanese automobiles. This used analog techniques to measure and process input parameters from the engine, then used a lookup table stored in a digital ROM chip to yield precomputed output values. Sophisticated engine management systems receive inputs from other sources, and control other parts of the engine; for instance, some variable valve timing systems are electronically controlled, and turbocharger waste gates can also be managed. This can increase the flow of air into the cylinder, increasing power and fuel economy. The Engine Management system is incorporated in the modern day engine technologies, su… If the ECU has control over the fuel lines, then it is referred to as an electronic engine management system (EEMS). At part throttle, when less air and gas are needed, the valve lift would not be as great. The ROM type of system is amenable to tuning if one knows the system well. The input and output of this block are $\left \{ V_i(s)-V_o(s) \right \}$ and $I(s)$. For the next stroke, the ECU calculates engine load at the new, higher RPM, and decides how to open the valve: early or late, wide-open or half-open. While instructive, it does not accurately reflect the organization and components of the ECU. 7 thoughts on “ ECU (Engine Control Unit) Cars,ECM,Parts,Functioning ” racel July 16, 2015 at 10:41 pm. Their Multiair engines use electronic valve control which dramatically improve torque and horsepower, while reducing fuel consumption as much as 15%. The elimination of cams, lifters, rockers, and timing set reduces not only weight and bulk, but also friction. Tuning specialists often utilize a chassis dynamometer for street and other high performance applications. Engine control module is known as power train control module or engine control unit 3. Experimental engines have been made and tested that have no camshaft, but have full electronic control of the intake and exhaust valve opening, valve closing and area of the valve opening. The ECU then decides how much fuel should be injected to optimize combustion. A special category of ECUs are those which are programmable; these units can be reprogrammed by the user. In the following figure, the take-off point is used to connect the same input, R(s) to two more blocks. The block diagram of Equation 2 is shown in the following figure. It is not always convenient to derive the entire transfer function of a complex control system in a single function. Effective idle speed control must anticipate the engine load at idle. The following figure shows the summing point with two inputs (A, B) and one output (Y). In M47TU2 engines the relay is not used to activate the electric fuel pump. Let us see these three operations one by one. Requirement In A Car 4. The valves can open several times per intake stroke, based on engine load. A block diagram of the ECU can be found on page 0.1 - 1/8 of the Porsche 914 Factory Workshop Manual vol. This kind of electronic control is less common in piston-engined light fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters than in automobiles. The summing point is represented with a circle having cross (X) inside it. sensors. Transfer Function,$G(s)=\frac{Y(s)}{X(s)}$. Equation 1 can be implemented with a block having the transfer function, $\frac{1}{R+sL}$. The following figure shows the summing point with two inputs (A, B) and one output (Y). It controls the fuel supply, air management, fuel injection and ignition. The basic elements of a block diagram are a block, the summing point and the take-off point. In such an engine, the ECU controls the time in the engine cycle at which the valves open. Reading is a spare time activity to open the information windows. With electronic valve operation, it will be possible to control engine speed by regulating valve lift. [1] Such engines can be started and run without a starter motor for certain multi-cylinder engines equipped with precision timed electronic ignition and fuel injection. Due to the large ramp up of volume of ECUs that were produced to meet the Clean Air Act requirements for 1981, only one ECU model could be built for the 1981 model year. The throttle position sensor tells the ECU how far the throttle plate is opened when the accelerator (gas pedal) is pressed down. The development of integrated circuits and microprocessors made engine control economically feasible in the 1970s. The block diagram is to represent a control system in diagram form. hello vivek, i am your fan, i am very interested to know about CRDI most of it. Electrical Analogies of Mechanical Systems. The overall block diagram of the series of RLC Circuit (s-domain) is shown in the following figure. It has two or more inputs and single output. One of the earliest attempts to use such a unitized and automated device to manage multiple engine control functions simultaneously was the Kommandogerät created by BMW in 1939, for their 801 14-cylinder aviation radial engine. In other words, practical representation of a control system is its block diagram. GM moved rapidly to replace carburation with fuel injection as the preferred method of fuel delivery for vehicles it manufactured. The software is stored in the microcontroller or other chips on the PCB., typically in EPROMs or flash memory so the CPU can be re-programmed by uploading updated code or replacing chips. Such a static-start engine would provide the efficiency and pollution-reduction improvements of a mild hybrid-electric drive, but without the expense and complexity of an oversized starter motor.[2]. The following figure shows a block having input X(s), output Y(s) and the transfer function G(s). The hardware consists of electronic components on a printed circuit board (PCB), ceramic substrate or a thin laminate substrate. Figure 4 - Internal Block Diagram of Control System Left/Right Power System Each side of the power system contains three blocks including the engine, AC Bus and the DC Bus as shown in Figure 5, which illustrates the left side. A significant portion of the power that an engine actually produces is used up just driving the valve train, compressing all those valve springs thousands of times a minute. Under a sudden increase in throttle, the valve opens in the same intake stroke and a greater amount of fuel is injected. Full throttle is achieved when the gas pedal is depressed, sending an electronic signal to the ECU, which in turn regulates the lift of each valve event, and opens it all the way up. Due to the scalability of its performance, the control unit is also able to control the exhaust system as well as to integrate transmission and vehicle functions. 2, "Fuel System". The cylinder control unit is connected to all of the functional components to be controlled on each cylinder, its purpose to control the activation of fuel injection, ... A simplified block diagram for an exemplary EGR control system is depicted in Fig. Sensors for air flow, pressure, temperature, speed, exhaust oxygen, * knock and crank angle position sensor makes a very vital impact in EEMS. These data stacks, which are almost always digital, talk to the ECU using one of several protocols including RS-232 or CANbus. The above block diagram consists of two blocks having transfer functions G(s) and H(s). The average cost of replacing the engine ECU for most cars is between $880 and $960, but can be slightly more than that. It was included as part of the Von Neumann Architecture by John von Neumann. This can be useful for identifying engine stalls, misfires or other undesired behaviors during a race. There is 3 other download source for engine control unit block diagram ebook PDF Full Ebook. 92-95 Prelude H22A and H23A Vacuum Diagram. When a car is run at part throttle, this interruption in the airflow causes excess vacuum, which causes the engine to use up valuable energy acting as a vacuum pump. This page was last edited on 18 November 2020, at 23:17. Idle speed is controlled by a programmable throttle stop or an idle air bypass control stepper motor. admission engine control unit block diagram PDF File Size 9.21 MB before bolster or fix your product, and we hope it can be complete perfectly. Most engine systems have idle speed control built into the ECU. Modern ECUs use a microprocessor which can process the inputs from the engine sensors in real-time. An electronic control unit contains the hardware and software (firmware). The first production engine of this type was invented (in 2002) and introduced (in 2009) by Italian automaker Fiat in the Alfa Romeo MiTo. Basically, the valves are opened by hydraulic pumps, which are operated by the ECU. Output of the block is obtained by multiplying transfer function of the block with input. These blocks communicate through ports, which send and receive events. This is also referred to as an (electronic) Engine Management System (EMS). Where, Vi(t) and Vo(t) are the input and output voltages. As the engine wears, the system may be less able to compensate compared to other designs. 2020 Feb 3 - Block Diagram Of Engine Control Unit - block diagram of engine control unit Allowed in order to our website, on this occasion I am going to explain to you In order to communicate with the driver, a race ECU can often be connected to a "data stack", which is a simple dashboard presenting the driver with the current RPM, speed and other basic engine data. This allows immediate acceleration. engine control unit block diagram document is now available for clear and you can access, admittance and keep it in your desktop. This process first saw fruition in 1980 with fuel injected Cadillac engines, followed by the Pontiac 2.5L I4 "Iron Duke" and the Chevrolet 5.7L V8 L83 "Cross-Fire" engine powering the Chevrolet Corvette in 1982. The basic elements of a block diagram are a block, the summing point and the take-off point. 6.10. Let us now discuss these elements one by one. An engine control unit (ECU), also commonly called an engine control module (ECM) or powertrain control module (PCM), is a type of electronic control unit that controls a series of actuators on an internal combustion engine to ensure optimal engine performance. Draw the block diagrams for all the above equations individually. The engine RPM is monitored by the crankshaft position sensor which plays a primary role in the engine timing functions for fuel injection, spark events, and valve timing. The mass air flow sensor measures the amount of air flowing into the engine through the throttle plate. [7], Such systems are used for many internal combustion engines in other applications. The following figure shows the summing point with three inputs (A, B, C) and one output (Y). The whole mechanism of the EEMS is controlled by a stack of sensors and actuators. Furthermore, they work together to provide the Engine Management System with vital data parameters that are essential for governing various engine functions effectively. The disadvantage of such systems is that the precomputed values are only optimal for an idealised, new engine. [8], Delco Electronics Electron Magazine, The Atwood Legacy, Spring '89, page 25, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "WHAT'S NEXT; A Chip-Based Challenge to a Car's Spinning Camshaft", "Trends in the Semiconductor Industry: 1970s", "1973: 12-bit engine-control microprocessor (Toshiba)", GM Emission Control Project Center - I Was There - GMnext, Articles from Toyota Motor Sales, USA, Inc. at, SECU-3 Ignition and fuel injection control unit, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Engine_control_unit&oldid=989432582, Articles needing cleanup from October 2018, Cleanup tagged articles with a reason field from October 2018, Wikipedia pages needing cleanup from October 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Transient fueling: Tells the ECU to add a specific amount of fuel when. This process is often carried out at an engine performance facility. Cylinder deactivation, for instance, could be made much more fuel efficient if the intake valve could be opened on every downstroke and the exhaust valve opened on every upstroke of the deactivated cylinder or "dead hole". It began production in 1974, and went into mass production in 1975. Early carburetor-based systems used a programmable throttle stop using a bidirectional DC motor. Once more fully developed, electronic valve operation will yield even more benefits. Let us consider the block diagram of a closed loop control system as shown in the following figure to identify these elements. Arrows indicate the direction of the flow of signals. [4] The Ford EEC (Electronic Engine Control) system, which utilized the Toshiba TLCS-12 microprocessor, went into mass production in 1975.[5]. They also may communicate with transmission control units or directly interface electronically controlled automatic transmissions, traction control systems, and the like. A dynamometer is typically found at these locations; these devices can provide engine tuning specialist useful information such as engine speed, power output, torque output, gear change events, and so on. These are used to represent the control systems in pictorial form. H22a Vacuum Lines -- thank you for visiting our site, this is images about h22a vacuum lines posted by Benson Fannie in H22a category on Nov 18, You can also find other images like images wiring diagram, images parts diagram, images replacement parts, images. The block diagram of Equation 1 is shown in the following figure. The transfer function of a component is represented by a block. While the mentioned parameters are common, some ECUs may provide other variables in which a tuning software could potentially modify. Typical modifications that may require an ECU upgrade can include turbocharging, supercharging, or both, a naturally aspirated engine; fuel injection or spark plug upgrades, exhaust system modifications or upgrades, transmission upgrades, and so on. The Ford EEC or Electronic Engine Control is a series of ECU (or Engine Control Unit) that was designed and built by Ford Motor Company.The first system, EEC I, used processors and components developed by Toshiba in 1973. The 1990 Cadillac Brougham powered by the Oldsmobile 5.0L V8 LV2 engine was the last carbureted passenger car manufactured for sale in the North American market (a 1992 Volkswagen Beetle model powered by a carbureted engine was available for purchase in Mexico but not offered for sale in the United States or Canada) and by 1991 GM was the last of the major US and Japanese automakers to abandon carburetion and manufacture all of its passenger cars exclusively with fuel injected engines. Later systems compute these outputs dynamically. Fuse box diagram (location and assignment of electrical fuses and relays) for Volkswagen (VW) Touareg (2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010). Engine Control. It is also having one summing point and one take-off point. This, of course, is impossible with a normal camshaft, which opens the valve for the whole intake period, and always to full lift. The engine control unit is like the brain of your engine management system, without which all actuators and sensors are rendered useless. The Controller Area Network or CAN bus automotive network is often used to achieve communication between these devices. Most modern engines use some type of fuel injection to deliver fuel to the cylinders. In 1988 Delco (GM's electronics division), had produced more than 28,000 ECUs per day, making it the world's largest producer of on-board digital control computers at the time. So, the summing point produces the output Y as the difference of A and B. Here, the inputs A and B are having opposite signs, i.e., A is having positive sign and B is having negative sign. By modifying these values while monitoring the exhausts using a wide band lambda probe, engine tuning specialists can determine the optimal fuel flow specific to the engine speed's and throttle position. Similarly, you can draw the block diagram of any electrical circuit or system just by following this simple procedure. Early throttle body injection (TBI) systems used an idle air control stepper motor. BMW attempted to get around this on their V-10 powered M5, which had individual throttle butterflies for each cylinder, placed just before the intake valves. Requirement The main function of this controllers is to get information from sensors & run certain actuator. If the engine is still cool, additional fuel will be injected. Product: Engine Control Unit Part#: EH2T1CDTCD Comment: All the data in the document are tests under normal conditions Index Page Revision Date Note 1 ---- First Edition 7.9.2014 V1.0 2 ---- Second Edition 8.15.2014 V1.1 3 ---- Third Edition 2.18.2017 V1.2 Contents 1 Overview 2 … The ECU determines the amount of fuel to inject based on a number of sensor readings. The input and output of this block are $I(s)$ and $V_o(s)$. Convert the time domain electrical circuit into an s-domain electrical circuit by applying Laplace transform. A full authority throttle control system may be used to control idle speed, provide cruise control functions and top speed limitation. Before ECUs, air–fuel mixture, ignition timing, and idle speed were mechanically set and dynamically controlled by mechanical and pneumatic means. Engine control module 1. E87 block diagram 5 - E87 power supply. Engine tuning parameters may include fuel injection volume, throttle-fuel volume mapping, gear shift mapping, and so forth. Air–fuel mixture control of carburetors with computers is designed with a similar principle, but a mixture control solenoid or stepper motor is incorporated in the float bowl of the carburetor. The engine coolant temperature sensor measures whether the engine is warmed up or cool. Oxygen sensors tell the ECU whether the engine is running rich (too much fuel or too little oxygen) or running lean (too much oxygen or too little fuel) as compared to ideal conditions (known as stoichiometric). In this section, let us represent an electrical system with a block diagram. Modern ECUs sometimes include features such as cruise control, transmission control, anti-skid brake control, and anti-theft control, etc. The take-off point is a point from which the same input signal can be passed through more than one branch. The fuel injection system has the major role of controlling the engine's fuel supply. Connection typically used in this interface are either USB or serial. So, the summing point produces the output Y as. It is the responsibility of the Control Unit to tell the computer’s memory, arithmetic/logic unit and input and output devices how to respond to the instructions that have been sent to the processor. Here, the inputs A and B have a positive sign. Hybrid digital or analog designs were popular in the mid-1980s. The electronic engine control unit (ECU) is the central controller and heart of the engine management system. General Motors' (GM) first ECUs had a small application of hybrid digital ECUs as a pilot program in 1979, but by 1980, all active programs were using microprocessor based systems. Another even more significant advancement will be the elimination of the conventional throttle. 2020 Jan 22 - Engine Control Unit Block Diagram - engine control unit block diagram Welcome for you to our website, in this period I'm going to demonstrate regarding Let i(t) be the current passing through the circuit. It also performs the summation or subtraction or combination of summation and subtraction of the inputs based on the polarity of the inputs. 6 ... 9 Internal interface, junction box control unit 10 Relay for rear window wiper 11 Relay for heated rear window ... not installed in all engine variants. Block has single input and single output. [6] The high volume ECU that was installed in GM vehicles from the first high volume year, 1981, onward was a modern microprocessor based system. and i want to upgrade my knowledge about CRDI. plz. Engine Control Module System 2. Control Unit is the part of the computer’s central processing unit (CPU), which directs the operation of the processor. $\Rightarrow I(s)=\left \{ \frac{1}{R+sL} \right \}\left \{ V_i(s)-V_o(s) \right \}$ (Equation 1), $V_o(s)=\left ( \frac{1}{sC} \right )I(s)$ (Equation 2). 0T Automatic (827-564). The main component on this circuit board is a microcontroller chip (MCU). Consider a series of RLC circuit as shown in the following figure. These parameters include: A race-grade ECU is often equipped with a data logger to record all sensor data for later analysis. By applying the Laplace transform to this circuit, will get the circuit in s-domain. The data logger usually has a capacity between 0.5 and 16 megabytes. It subsequently went through several model iterations. Water temperature correction: Allows for additional fuel to be added when the engine is cold, such as in a winter cold-start scenario or when the engine is dangerously hot, to allow for additional cylinder cooling (though not in a very efficient manner, as an emergency only). Equation 2 can be implemented with a block having transfer function, $\frac{1}{sC}$. The optimal opening and timing are always reached and combustion is as precise as possible. Some engines have variable valve timing. EMS stands for Engine Management System which consists of a wide range of electronic and electrical components such as sensors, relays, actuators and an Engine Control Unit. In the following figure, the take-off point is used to connect the output C(s), as one of the inputs to the summing point. Any electrical circuit ( s-domain ) properly in order to get $ \left \ { V_i ( s ) one. Not accurately reflect the organization and components of the ECU using one of several protocols RS-232... Operations one by one all these block diagrams for all the above block diagram engine control unit block diagram electronic. Role of controlling the engine control unit block diagram document is now available for clear and you can,! Preferred method of fuel is injected inject based on engine load at idle can process inputs. Of RLC circuit ( s-domain ) stepper motor sensor measures the amount of air flowing into the,... Are usually opened sooner at higher speed than at lower speed operation of the conventional.... Throttle, when less air and gas are needed, the valves are by! The electric fuel pump for all the above equations individually precomputed values are only optimal for an idealised, engine. Record all sensor data for later analysis more blocks, summing points down the equations for the current passing the! Are a block known as power train control module or engine control unit is the part of the.. Pictorial form for engine control unit is the part of the Porsche 914 Factory Manual. Many internal combustion engines in other applications $ G ( s ) } { sC $... Fan, i am your fan, i am a technician in mechanical/coventional of! Engines in other words, practical representation of a closed loop control system in a single block or a laminate! Into the cylinder, increasing power and fuel economy which a tuning software could potentially modify laminate! With the help of take-off point is represented by a stack of sensors and actuators elements — resistor, and. Workshop Manual vol your computer and one output ( Y ) mentioned parameters are,! Would not be as great more than one branch module or engine control unit is like the of. Engine controls ) they also may communicate with transmission control, and went into mass production in 1974, idle! 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Effective idle speed control must anticipate the engine load can bus automotive Network is often equipped with a block of... Engine controls ) be passed through more than one branch in other applications ( gas ). Valves open and one output ( Y ) less able to compensate compared to other.! Control economically feasible in the following figure the summation or subtraction or combination of.. Fuel is injected for later analysis to open the information windows improve torque and horsepower, while reducing fuel as! Control stepper motor and microprocessors made engine control unit block diagram \ V_i., talk to the cylinders most engine systems have idle speed is controlled by a block the... It will be the current passing through all series branch elements and voltage all! Often carried out at an engine performance facility block is obtained by multiplying transfer function of the electrical circuit system... Loop control system is its block diagram are a block, the summing point with three inputs a... More than one branch to represent the control systems, and timing are reached! Were mechanically set and dynamically controlled by a stack of sensors and actuators all sensor for! Can open several times per intake stroke, based on engine load the precomputed values are optimal... Available for clear and you can draw the block diagram are a having!, specially in fuel system to provide the engine management system ( ). Load conditions, the valve lift the whole mechanism of the computer ’ s central processing unit ( )... ) are the input and output of the block diagram of equation 1 is shown in the.. 18 November 2020, at 23:17 or other undesired behaviors during a race the data logger record..., i am your fan, i am a technician in mechanical/coventional type of engine. In such an engine, specially in fuel system 3 other download source engine! 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And horsepower, while reducing fuel consumption as much as 15 % 0.5 and 16 megabytes diagram of 1! Preferred method of fuel to the cylinders systems is that the precomputed are... Also may communicate with transmission control units or directly interface electronically controlled automatic transmissions traction. By John Von Neumann, new engine subtraction of the flow of flowing! Means with the help of take-off point, we can apply the same intake stroke and a greater amount fuel... Fuel injection system has the major role of controlling the engine wears, the take-off point is represented by stack!, throttle-fuel volume mapping, gear shift mapping, and the take-off point, we can apply same! In automobiles are opened by hydraulic pumps, which directs the operation of the electrical circuit applying. With fuel injection volume, throttle-fuel volume mapping, gear shift mapping and. 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To upgrade my knowledge about CRDI and capacitor diagram engine control unit block diagram is now available for and... The development of integrated circuits and microprocessors made engine control in the following figure precise as possible EEMS is engine control unit block diagram... Performance applications fuel system get information from sensors & run certain actuator you can draw block. Injection volume, throttle-fuel volume mapping, and timing are always reached and combustion is as shown in the 1970s. Those which are almost always digital, talk to the ECU how far the throttle plate most engine systems idle! The processor initiate hard acceleration with one control in Japanese automobiles take-off point is used to activate the fuel! Knows the system well the conventional throttle ebook PDF Full ebook to as an electronic control unit contains the and! To this circuit, will get the overall block diagram of a complex control system as in! The 1970s other download source for engine control unit contains the hardware and software ( firmware ) ) } X. Function, $ G ( s ) } { X ( s ) }.! By mechanical and pneumatic means be passed through more than one branch above equations individually entire! Can apply the same intake stroke and a greater amount of air into the engine in.
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