Tolerates a wide range of soil and light conditions. As a landscape plant, redosier dogwood is extremely versatile. They grow up to 8 feet (2.5 m.) tall with an 8 foot (2.5 m.) spread. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. With the exception of the lower midwest and deep South, this species is native to much of North America where it is typically found growing in wet swampy areas, wetland margins or along lakes and rivers. In USDA zones 4 through 8, cornelian cherry dogwood bears showy yellow flowers in spring, instead of the more recognizable white or pink bracts of flowering dogwood . Because of its native status, soil adaptability and tolerance of flooding and wet soils, redosier dogwood is also used along shorelines and in rain gardens. View Map. Average landscape size: Moderate growing; reaches 9 ft. tall, 5 ft. wide. Its smaller size makes this variety a great breakthrough for smaller gardens or residential landscapes. This dwarf variety reaches just 3-5' feet rather than the 8-10' of conventional red-twig dogwood. Life … Remove the oldest third of stems down to the base of the plant every year or two to promote growth of the younger, colorful stems. Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus sericea). This vibrant hue remains through winter, creating a pop of color in the snowy, gray months. Regents of the University of Minnesota. Use one as a specimen planting anywhere you’d like a splash of brilliant color amid the drab hues of your winter yard. Cornus sericea "Kelseyi" cultivar grows only to 30 inches or less. First Editions® Firedance™ - 4 feet tall by 5 … These shrubs are beautiful in the fall and winter season. The medium to dark green summer color changes to a ruddy red or purple in the fall. Adding a pop of vibrant color in the snowy, dull months of winter, Cornus sericea (Red Osier Dogwood) is a medium-sized ornamental shrub with incredible appeal. Cornelian cherry dogwood (Cornus mas), also called Cornelian cherry or European cornel, is so-named because of its brilliant cherry-red fruits. It has small flat clusters of white flowers, producing white berries. Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) Description: This low spreading shrub, seldom reaching more than 4 feet (1.2 m) in height, is easily identified by its red bark. For optimal display, it is advisable to grow them against a wall that receives ample sunlight from the south or west in winter. Can be cut back to the ground regularly for the red color of the younger stems to be more prevalent. (Cornus sericea) is a shrub native to Minnesota with colorful red or yellow winter bark that provides great winter interest. The redosier dogwood grows to a height of 7–9' and a spread of around 10' at maturity. Growth Rate: Rapid. Yields pea-sized white drupes that mature in late summer to early fall. It prefers moist soils and often grows in wet swamp lands. The white berries are eaten by at least 18 species of birds including ruffled grouse, bobwhite quail, wild turkey and gray catbird. Its small heads of white flowers and white berries are decorative in their season, but it is for the bright red bark of the new growth that the plant is usually grown. Mature Height/spread: a deciduous shrub, 6′ to 10′ tall with an equal or greater spread, shape is rounded and spreading loose and somewhat open, multi-stemmed. Cultivated varieties of redosier dogwood for Minnesota Red stem varieties 'Alleman's Compact' - 5 feet tall by 5 feet wide, good fall color, compact form 'Cardinal' - 10 feet tall by 10 feet wide, good fall color; 1986 UMN introduction. Special features: Attractive Bark , Compact Form , Year-round Interest Foliage color: Green Cardinal Red Osier Dogwood is a deciduous shrub with ornamental stems. Red-twig dogwood tolerates a range of soil conditions, including wet and dry sites, and is also air pollution tolerant. Native Americans use the inner bark in tobacco mixtures in the sacred pipe ceremony. Red-osier Dogwood Leaf: split to show false-veins. The redosier dogwood provides dense cover for wildlife. When planting red twig dogwoods, give them plenty of room. For optimal red twig color, prune out old wood in early spring to encourage fresh growth. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. Red Twig Dogwood Care The brightly-colored bark occurs on stems that are less than 3 years old, so rejuvenation pruning should be a regular practice. They create a nice green backdrop to highlight other … The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. The redosier dogwood is native to North America, with a range that extends over most of the United States from Newfoundland to Mexico, California to Virginia. Up to 6 ft. tall and wide. Special features: Attractive Bark , Dramatic Foliage Color , Easy Care , Fall Color , Ornamental Berries , Tolerates Urban Pollution , … Redosier dogwood is also used in plantings for wildlife as its berries attract and are eaten by birds and mammals. Visit What's wrong with my shrub? It does not, however, tolerate excessively dry soil. Rapidly-growing, adaptable to most soils including wet soils, it features spectacular decorative features : stunning fall color, attractive berries, vibrant red or golden stems and sometimes a lovely variegated summer foliage. Its thicket-forming habit makes it a great hedge option. Partial to full sun. Most noticeable in winter, the red … Propagation from cuttings: Redosier dogwood can be started easily by division, french layering, and hardwood cuttings. Growth Form: Irregular. 'Alleman's Compact' - 5 feet tall by 5 feet wide, good fall color, compact form, 'Cardinal' - 10 feet tall by 10 feet wide, good fall color; 1986 UMN introduction, First Editions® Firedance™ - 4 feet tall by 5 feet wide, good fall color, compact form, 'Isanti' - 6 feet tall by 10 feet wide, good fall color, compact form, hardy to zone 2; 1971 UMN introduction, 'Kelseyi' - 3 feet tall by 3 feet wide, compact form, 'Flaviramea' - 8 feet tall by 10 feet wide, red-purple fall foliage, 'Silver and Gold' - 8 feet tall by 10 feet wide, green and creamy white variegated foliage, Kathy Zuzek, former Extension educator; Beth Berlin, former Extension educator; and Julie Weisenhorn, Extension educator. The red osier dogwood reaches a height and width of 5 to 9 feet. Red-Osier Dogwood. Can be kept smaller with pruning. – Dogwood for a list of the most common pests in Minnesota. Native Plants >> Cornus sericea, Redosier Dogwood 36" Live stake. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. The “osier” in redosier dogwood is derived from French, meaning “willow-like”; it is often called red willow because of its red stems. It can be used as an accent, specimen or key plant, and in groups and large masses for borders and screens. Cold Hardiness: Excellent. Size: to 8’ high; to 6’ spread. Soil / Climate: The Red Osier dogwood is tolerant of dry sites, but prefers wet areas along streams and ponds. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. It is adaptable to both wet and dry sites as well as a variety of soil types. 2020 It is also known as red dogwood, redstem dogwood, and red willow. University of Minnesota Extension discovers science-based solutions, delivers practical education, and engages Minnesotans to build a better future. Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Species: Cornus sericea L. – redosier dogwood Subordinate Taxa. Cornus sericea ssp. If the bark is gathered in the early spring, it will retain its deep red color when dried. Average landscape size: Moderate grower to 3 to 4 ft. tall and wide. Ranges from Maine to … The red dogwood bush (Cornus stolonifera or C. sericea) is also known as red osier or red twig dogwood because of the color of its young branches. Red Osier Dogwood derives its name from its smooth vibrant red twigs which are most noticeable in the winter after leaves have fallen off. The best growing zones for this perennial shrub are 2 through 9. Today we're back in our SW Michigan Swamp looking for Red Osier Dogwood. The biggest selling point, though, is the shrub’s deep red stems. The redosier dogwood grows to a height of 7–9' and a spread of around 10' at maturity. Crown Density: Open. This shrub grows at a fast rate, with height increases of more than 24" per year. The height works well for several gardening and landscaping situations. It has sometimes been considered a synonym of the Asian species Cornus alba. Red Osier Dogwood - Cornus sericea is a Flowering Native Perennial. Depending on the season, it can have flat clusters of white sweet-scented flowers, white berries, and green to red-orange colored leaves. This is an ornamental shrub, typically planted for the visual interest and beauty it can bring to landscape. Small white flowers bloom on this handsome dwarf dogwood in spring. The leaves are simple, opposite, smooth margins, 2-4 inches long, dark green on top and hairy and paler underneath. Cornus sericea is a 3 to 9 foot tall shrub that can be recognized by its flat, umbrella-like cluster of small four or five-petal white flowers and oval leaves with prominent veins that … Pests/Diseases: Can be susceptible to a variety of fungal diseases but they are typically minor. Cornus sericea, syn. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Cornus sericea . The redosier dogwood can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 2–7. Some tribes ate the sour berries while others made arrow shafts, bows, stakes and other tools from the branches and shoots. C. stolonifera, Swida sericea, red osier or red-osier dogwood, is a species of flowering plant in the family Cornaceae, native throughout northern and western North America from Alaska east to Newfoundland, south to Durango and Nuevo León in the west, and Illinois and Virginia in the east. LGS Notes: Red twig dogwood, also called redosier dogwood, is a large shrub with bright red branches that add color to winter landscapes. Provides good erosion control and can be used for borders and hedges. Will be delivered at a height of 2'-3'. The redosier dogwood is very adaptable, growing in acidic to alkaline soils. Forms a thicket by spreading along the ground, so allow plenty of space. The Redosier Dogwood Grows in zones 2 - 7. Redosier dogwood is also used for basket weaving. Full sun and partial shade are best for this shrub, meaning it prefers a minimum of 4 hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. Can be planted 3–4' apart to make a hedge. All rights reserved. Variegated foliage and brilliant red winter stems of C. alba, but only two-thirds the size. Displays deep red branches year-round and cream-white flowers. And the fibrous root system provides effective erosion control on banks and slopes. Clusters of small, 4-petaled, white flowers in mid-May to June; second bloom occurs in July and August, Small, round, white to pale blue berries July through September, Adaptable to very poor to well-drained soils; soil compaction tolerant, Soil pH: 6.1 to 8.5; have your soil tested by the U of M Soil Testing Lab, Suckers may need to be removed to maintain plant width. The redosier dogwood is loved by gardeners, landscapers, and homeowners for its hardiness and versatility. Red twig dogwood shrubs should be planted somewhere in your yard where they can be easily viewed from a window, to take advantage of their status as top-notch specimen plants for winter landscapes. Produces attractive clusters of white flowers in mid- to late spring. Cornus sericea, commonly known as red twig dogwood or red osier dogwood, is an upright-spreading, suckering shrub that typically grows in the absence of pruning to 6-9’ tall with a slightly larger spread. Size: Grows 10-15’ x 12-15’. With … The red twig dogwood plant, also known as the Cornus sericea is a shrub that truly is at its best during the winter months. © To propagate suckers by division: Leaves are typical of dogwoods, with distinct veins running towards the tip, while buds are small and It’s a unique and versatile plant that would look great in many locations. Plant a few along your property line for an awesome border. Red Osier Dogwood is an attractive ornamental shrub native throughout North America. In late summer, younger stems turn to red or yellow-green and color intensifies throughout winter. Its common name is Kelsey's dwarf red osier dogwood. Cornus sericea, Redosier Dogwood, red twig dogwood, 24" live stake. Extension is expanding its online education and resources to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions. fluctuating water tables. The Red Osier Dogwood is a free-spreading shrub with many upright stems. The leaves, bark and roots were used to make medicines. Features opposite, simple leaves, ovate to oblong-lancelolate in shape and 2–5" in length. Overcrowding encourages diseases and causes less attractive, thin stems. Use them in combination with yellow twig dogwoods for an even more stunning winter display. It is a woody deciduous shrub that grows 5 to 20 feet tall. Drought Resistance: Fair. Features vibrant red stems that make a bold statement in the wintertime landscape. It can grow in a myriad of conditions, including wet soil. Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. 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