Colons can take a bit of practice, so try using one (or more!) A quick and simple guide to the comma. A dependent clause, or subordinate clause, is one that can’t stand alone as a whole sentence. Correct: There were no clouds in the sky, so I went for a jog. However, we do use a comma for the above when it’s written as an appositive. In a list of three or more elements, place a comma after each element. It's impossible to set specific rules about how to use a comma with one word because that word could be used in a number of instances. The megaproject went billions of dollars over budget, as the cost of cement was unexpectedly increased. A comma (,) is a punctuation mark used to denote a pause in the sentence (shorter than a colon or a semicolon). Correct: The rain poured down on John and Sue. If the piece of direct speech comes after the information about who is speaking, you need to use a comma to introduce the direct speech. For example, Patty came to visit doesn’t need a comma. Commas are the most frequently used (and abused) punctuation mark in most kinds of writing. For example, the address of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York is 1000 Fifth Avenue, New York, New York 10038. Here are some examples. Because I was late, I had to sit in the back. Are you using “so” as a coordinating conjunction? Why: People who have grown up in the United States are used to placing a comma before the year (January 14, 1990). Use a comma to separate three or more words, phrases, or clauses written in a series. The mark separates parts of a sentence. Place a comma before the and or or that precedes that last element. If you remove as well as contractors, the sentence loses some essential information. The comma (,) When to use a comma. Example: My estate goes to my husband, son, daughter-in-law, and nephew. Note: Using a comma after the next-to-last item in a list is a stylistic choice and may depend on the style guide you’re following. While commas are normally either required or not required, there’s one key instance when you can choose whether or not to use a comma – and either option is equally correct. As the day came to an end, the fire fighters put out the last spark. Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Commas are the bane of my life. This probably the first use of commas you learned in school: separating items in a list of three or more things. Correct: There were no clouds in the sky; I went for a jog. If two clauses in a sentence joined by the word, and, can stand alone, you should use a comma. Each of the elements in a date (weekday, month and day, and year) should be separated by a comma. But as the examples and rules here will clarify, a semicolon is used to indicate a more significant break than a comma (but less significant than a period). This page has examples explaining when to use commas before 'which' and 'who' and when to omit commas. In writing, commas usually signal a pause that would be heard if the sentence were read aloud. Commas are used to separate clauses, coordinate adjectives and items in a list. Use a comma to separate names. It’s often used to identify one thing amongst a larger set. Some writers have very strong feelings for and against the serial comma. It is possible (but very uncommon) to write such a subordinate clause after the main clause, in which case it makes sense to omit the comma: He doesn’t know how to solve integrals although he is a mathematician. Correct: The rain and the wind battered the house. If that’s not the case, you can omit it. If you introduce a sentence with a transition word (e.g. Don’t use a comma before the conjunction when the second clause can’t stand alone. You can also use commas to divide sets of numbers. If you would like the reader to briefly pause between two parts of a sentence, you should separate them with a comma. Chris Michael says . Episode #432. play pause. add a comment | 4 "I went to Japan and returned in 2009" is correct but rather unspecific. Rule 1. For example, you would use a comma in this sentence: “I love to visit Tokyo, Japan.” For example, in numbers over 1,000 the comma separates sets of three digits at a time. In grammatical terms, it’s “syntactically independent.” Here are two examples from the first book in the “Game of Thrones” series. Talking with her, you’d try to head off your happy marriage. Commas to introduce a sentence. How Do You Spell Chanukah (Or Is It Hanukkah)? (Two exceptions are writing years and house numbers.) You can also use a comma with a shorter phrase when you want to emphasize it or add a pause for literary effect. For example, Here’s a list of groceries I need: a loaf of bread, a quart of milk, and a stick of butter. For more on coordinate and non-coordinate adjectives, check out this post. Do not use a comma before 'which' if you could replace your 'which' with 'that.' When a word or phrase forms an introduction to a sentence, you should follow it with a comma, as recommended by Purdue OWL. Use commas to separate words and word groups in a simple series of three or more items. Redefine your inbox with Dictionary.com updates! In a street address, commas divide each piece of information. However the model is not always accurate. Rule: If the clauses are both short, you may omit the comma. You should always put a comma immediately before a quotation: John Smith told us, “You can’t come in after ten o’clock.”. You’ve probably heard a lot of things about the comma and may have questions about when to use a comma. When writing a conversation between two people using quotes, commas help a reader keep track of who is speaking. Commas separate elements in addresses: Comments. A comma is a punctuation mark that creates a soft pause. NOTE: Do not use a comma if the order is reversed (the independent clause comes before the dependent clause), except for cases of extreme contrast. You could also use dashes in this context: John went for a jog – which took half an hour – before having a long hot shower. Use a comma to separate coordinate adjectives (We enjoyed the warm, sunny weather). You shouldn’t put a comma after the final adjective. Dashes are useful if you want to imply a longer pause, or draw more attention to the nonessential element of the sentence. A comma is used to show the difference between two separate ideas or elements within a sentence. When the answer is “yes,” place a comma before the word. By . Punctuation Particulars. Use commas to offset appositives from the rest of the sentence. A comma is used at this time to show that the city is part of something larger, a state or country. When to Use a Comma. The correct use of a comma before such as is easy if you know how to recognize a nonessential clause. But, Patty, my second cousin, came to visit, does need commas to set apart the nonrestrictive clause (the part of the sentence that isn’t necessary for the sentence to be understandable): my second cousin. When you’re describing something with two or more adjectives, you can use a comma between them if those adjectives are coordinating. If you have a compound subject or a compound object in a sentence that consists of two nouns, you shouldn’t separate the parts of it using commas. Do not use a comma. As a rule of thumb, if the phrase is longer than about four words, use the comma. The only rule here is to be consistent throughout your piece of writing. Writing a book, if I haven’t put you off already, is one of the most rewarding things you can do. Enter your email for word fun in your inbox every day. Rule: Use a comma between two long independent clauses when conjunctions such as and, or, but, for, nor connect them. Here are two common issues to watch out for in your writing. Where Does The Name “Saturday” Come From? However, when there is a restrictive clause (a part of the sentence that adds essential information), you shouldn’t offset it with commas, even when it contains as well as. (A comma is necessary before the last ‘ and .’) Example: The Constitution establishes the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government. Most of its suggestions regarding them arre wrong. First things first, a comma can be easily confused with a semicolon (;). For more on this, see Rule #8. Use a comma after a conjunction to provide balance. It can also divide clauses (“parts of a sentence”) or items in a list. You should set this information off using a comma before and a comma after it: John went for a jog, which took half an hour, before having a long hot shower. The switch that stops the recording device also controls the light. Commas also separate items in a list, and this is another use of a comma that quickly comes to mind. “Indica” vs. “Sativa”: There Is A Difference. What about this example? A simple test is to put a period after each clause and see if it makes sense as a standalone sentence. would not make sense read separately, then there is no comma. They’re also useful if you have several other commas in the sentence, to help avoid confusion. Rule 1: Use a Comma in a Series or List. I think I have them sussed and then a sentence comes along where I am doubting everything again. Note how much easier it is to read. Learn about the right way to start and sign off that birthday card to grandma! Commas can be used to break up sentences that have more than one clause and make them easier to read. The sections in bold could be removed from the sentences completely and it would still make perfectly good sense. Commas are also used to separate independent clauses (phrases that can stand on their own) when a conjunction (like and) is used, as in the compound sentence: Mark went to the store, and he bought eggs. September 5, 2014. 2. At a Glance. Rule 4: If a Sentence Begins With a Dependent Clause, Use a Comma After It If a sentence begins with an introductory phrase or dependent clause , it should have a comma immediately after it. “I’m not feeling well today,” Stella confessed, “because I stayed up too late last night.”. Too many people try to separate two items with a comma when there’s no real need to do so. 3. Please bring a calculator, a No. Additionally, commas are used to separate counties and states as well as countries and continents. 2-minute read. Below is an example of such a sentence. The word can be used as part of a nonrestrictive phrase, restrictive phrase, or prepositional phrase, and it can be used as an interrogative word. army.) It is often used to separate items in a series within a sentence. (They’re coordinating if you could place “and” between them.) When you list your dog’s qualities, you have to use a comma after each quality you list except the one that comes immediately before and. A comma splice occurs when two independent clauses are joined together using only a comma. in the next piece that you write. Use a comma to separate dates and addresses. If you’re finding commas particularly tricky, though, you might want to use an app like ProWritingAid (reviewed here) to help check your writing. Sometimes, you might want to include extra information within a sentence that isn’t essential to its meaning. Used correctly, commas should clarify the meaning of the texts by dividing and grouping words, phrases or clauses to help the reader. An example is: The employee discount policy applies to full-time workers as well as contractors. Here, “bath” is acting as an adjective to modify “towel”, but it’s not coordinate with “blue”. It should be separated from the independent clause that follows it using a comma: However, it’s normally not necessary to use a comma if the independent clause comes first: For more on this, plus an example of an instance where a comma is required after the independent clause, take a look at Subordinate Clauses and Commas. Commas separate adjectives when the order of the adjectives doesn’t affect the meaning. For example:"I never said--" he began.When typing a completed sentence, a comma precedes the closing quotation mark and the attribution. You'll also get three bonus ebooks completely free. That last comma is called the Oxford comma, and we’ll talk about that in more detail later. We wish a hard-and-fast rule existed—such as, “Always (or never) use a comma with ‘so’ in a compound sentence.” Instead, you’ll need to do a lot of investigative work. When a writer quotes a speaker’s words exactly as they were spoken, this is known as direct speech. They’re a tricky punctuation mark because they’re used in so many different contexts. I hope this helps you make more sense of commas. It’s hard to imagine a world without punctuation marks, but the ancient Greeks themselves struggled to read and write sentences (if you can call them that) without the navigational aid of spaces, punctuation marks, or uppercase and lowercase letters. (In this case, the comma isn’t needed.). Many writers do struggle with them, so don’t feel bad if you find them hard to get to grips with. Note that some style guides would not add the comma after the word “eggs”. As a general rule, you should use a comma to introduce quoted material or dialogue. Instead, think about how the reader would consume the sentence. A comma (,) signifies a short pause in a sentence. If the clauses aren’t fully independent, i.e. However, there are nuances regarding when to put a comma between multiple adjectives. Comma Rule 2: Use commas to separate three or more elements in a series. Rule 1. When this is the case, it is a strong break and needs a comma. Use a comma when an -ly adjective is used with other adjectives. Incorrect: The rain, and the wind battered the house. We use a comma every third digit from the right. The Oxford comma—also called the serial comma—is one of the most divisive linguistic devices in the English language. Do not use a comma to separate any element of the date, when written in British style (also common around the world and in the U.S. whether or not you use it. Contending that the coordinating conjunction is adequate separation, some writers will leave out the comma in a sentence with short, balanced independent clauses (such as we see in the example just given). Picking out examples that use the comma correctly Skills Practiced. You must determine the function of the word “so” in order to know whether to use a comma. On the other hand, it might be best to wait until next week. The candidate promised to lower taxes, protect the environment, reduce crime, and end unemployment. A comma is used here, because it would also make sense to say, “He’s a cheerful and kind boy”. The order of the adjectives soft and comfortable could be reversed, so they’re separated by a comma. For example, a colon can be used to introduce a list—but you’ll still need commas to separate the items in the list. If “thus” does not significantly interrupt the sentence, it is a weak break, and it might not need a comma. However, we could also say: “I love chocolate, cookies and ice cream,” omitting the last comma. Commas set off introductory participial phrases as in: Reading over her notes, Julie realized she missed an important detail. however, hence, indeed, furthermore), follow it with a comma.. Let’s take a look at just a few of the comma’s crucial functions and discuss when to choose a comma over another similar punctuation mark. Use a dash to cut off dialogue. A comma separates words, not letters. Example: I have painted the entire house, but she is still working on sanding the floors. Writers tend to make this mistake when forming sentences in which as separates two independent clauses. Correct: More than 50,000 people turned up to protest. If you have two independent clauses, you can’t just use a comma to join them. Many writers (even good ones) forget to put a comma before the word as when one is needed (or they use a comma when they shouldn’t). Ultimately, it’s up to you (and your editor!) A comma helps to make meaning clear by separating words, phrases or clauses in a sentence. In English, we use commas in numbers greater than 999 to split the number and make it clearer. It also has an interactive exercise. Use commas to separate three or more words, phrases, or clauses written in a series. The difference between a comma and a colon (:) is even more pronounced. That’s because in most types of dialogue, the quoted material stands apart from the surrounding text. In all languages, not just English, writers use punctuation marks (or punctuation points as they are also called) to indicate things like pauses and full stops, to convey or demonstrate emotion, the ask questions or declare statements, and even to separate items in a … A list can be simple, as in a series of words: He bought milk, eggs, and bread at the store. share | improve this answer | follow | answered Jun 20 '11 at 2:36. Commas have other users as well, as … Examples: Well, I’m not going home on foot, at any rate. However, in “delicious chocolate cake,” the word chocolate is a direct modifier of cake. Examples include separate a city from a state (Boston, Massachusetts), a last name from a first name (Morris, Krista), or a proper name from a title (Chris Parbey, Jr.). That comma is optional. When to Use a Comma. Mignon Fogarty Grammar Girl. The dog is … Use a comma + a little conjunction (and, but, for, nor, yet, or, so) to connect two independent clauses, as in "He hit the ball well, but he ran toward third base." Kerri Shotts Kerri Shotts. The comma comes before the first quotationmark. Commas also separate lists of longer phrases: The dog ran out the front door, through the mud, and dashed out the open gate. The least we can do is learn how to use it properly! If it can, use a comma. For example, you would use a comma in this sentence: “I love to visit Tokyo, Japan.” For example: She gave him a soft, comfortable blanket. ProWritingAid won’t help anyone learn commas. But one day, dad explained that the family dog had died. Use a comma after the first independent clause when you link two independent clauses with one of the following coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet. She made a casserole out of chicken, pasta, and leftover broccoli. May 30, 2013 at 1:11 pm. Commas can be a particularly tricky punctuation mark. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. She read many classics, such as “Our Mutual Friend” and “Moby Dick.” [CORRECT] He planned his vacation so that he could visit places such as the Grand Canyon. So they're tempted to do the same if they move to the increasingly common European method. Adjectives that relate to the same noun or modify the same object. Commas customarily indicate a brief pause; they're not as final as periods. In order to understand whether or not the –ly word is an adjective, place it with the noun to test if it can be used alone with the noun. We use a comma to separate an introductory element from the rest of the sentence. The word “which” has a few different use cases in the English language. This refers to whether the use of the word “thus” significantly interrupts the flow of a sentence or is used for emphasis. In general, it’s more commonly used in American English than in British English, but you’ll find that opinions vary on both sides of the Atlantic. It is perfectly fine to use a comma before and: as seen in, "the dog barked, and the cat ran away." Would a comma go after But or And at the start of a sentence? Also use a comma to separate the elements in an address, or when referring to a city and state or country. After Certain Words that Introduce a Sentence . But one day dad …, Copyright © 2020 Daily Writing Tips . It’s a short, soft pause, as opposed to the longer pause signified by a period. The position of a comma can often reflect the sense in which the word is being used. There are certain grammar rules for when to use a comma with these example phrases and when to leave it out, depending on the context. Incorrect: There were no clouds in the sky, I went for a jog. For example, in 1,000,000 there are two commas (one for every three decimal places). The cake mix requires flour, sugar, eggs, and butter. EXAMPLES: She drove to work, and I went to school. When to Use a Comma Before 'Because' We are currently experiencing playback issues on Safari. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Having finally arrived in town, we went shopping. For example: 1.) So yes, while we may complain about learning the rules of grammar, we should all admit reading is much easier with a guide like a comma to show the way. Incorrect: The rain poured down on John, and Sue. There are some cases where you know you should use a comma – such as when separating items in a list – but there are other times when you might be unsure whether or not a comma is needed. Use commas to separate words and word groups in a simple series of three or more items. Some examples of this are: Content marketing takes time, but it is worth the effort. Simultaneous time: The expense of the megaproject, as the government cut taxes, put a strain on the country’s finances. 930 5 5 silver badges 8 8 bronze badges. You can use a semi-colon, or you can use a conjunction plus a comma. Note that the final quotation mark follows the full stop at the end of the direct speech: Steve replied, ‘No problem.’ You also need to use a comma at the end of a piece of direct speech, if the speech comes before the informatio… Use a comma to indicate a short pause in a sentence. But the definition of the comma is not easy. Unlike when you should use an … John was determined to get the unicorn slime his daughter wanted, but all the shops had sold out. When an adverbial phrase begins a sentence, it’s often followed by a comma but it doesn’t have to be, especially if it’s short. Only use a comma to separate a dependent clause at the end of a sentence for added emphasis, usually when negation occurs. By using commas in your lists, each item is perfectly distinguished from the next. For example: A comma can also separate nonessential words from the essential parts of a sentence. When a thought is left unfinished, however, a dash should be used instead. Rule #7: Use Commas to Separate Coordinate Adjectives. Use a comma to separate dates and addresses. Example: While I was eating, the cat scratched at the door. Here we focus on one of two specific situations that call for the use of a comma before and: (1) The Comma before and in Lists of Three or More Items. You will improve your English in only 5 minutes per day, guaranteed! Use a comma after every three numbers when a number is bigger than 999 (1,000,000). What about greeting cards? Also use a comma to separate the elements in an address, or when referring to a city and state or country. While there’s some degree of flexibility in how commas are used, it’s important to have a clear grasp of the rules. Subscribers get access to our archives with 800+ interactive exercises! But, one day, dad … The Constitution establishes the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government. As well as helping you ensure your writing is correct, this will make you more aware of when you’re not using commas correctly. 2. “We drove to the beach, but we left since the parking lot was full.” One of the most common comma placement errors is the usage of a comma after a conjunction rather than before: “Nancy’s schedule was very … [CORRECT] Essential Clauses. Example: My estate goes to my husband, son, daughter-in-law, and nephew. Do use a comma when “as” can be substituted with “because”. “Nauseated” vs. “Nauseous”: Which One To Use When You’re Feeling Sick. Sing, dance, and learn when to use a comma with the dapper rappers, Blazer Fresh! When used as a conjunction it is generally a good idea to use the comma (unless the phrases are very short). The comma is omitted in the first example and is included in the second. Listen . Fido was a lovely, vibrant dog. In the second case, that comma is omitted. Semicolon vs. Comma – Difference and Usage. I used to be a werewolf, but I’m much better naaaoowwwwwww! This trick works because 'which' without a comma is used to head a defining clause, just like 'that.' before an essential or restrictive clause, that is, a clause that limits or defines the material it modifies. Use a comma before the conjunction when the two sentence halves can stand alone. All Right Reserved, Some writers have very strong feelings for and against the serial comma, 7 Examples of Passive Voice (And How To Fix Them). Example: I painted and he sanded. Overall, these nonrestrictive clauses basically just add extra information to a sentence. 2 pencil, and several sheets of blank paper to the exam room. You shouldn’t put a comma after the final adjective. The use of a comma with independent clauses is more straightforward. What Does “Auld Lang Syne” Actually Mean? Sometimes, writers end up inserting unnecessary commas or using commas incorrectly. Though it makes more sense to use a colon, or semicolon in these cases. Use commas to separate items in a list. Prepping kids (pro bono), including my own, for ACT and SAT. Use commas before every sequence of three numbers when writing a number larger than 999. A list of items can be punctuated like this: In the first case, the “serial comma” or “Oxford comma” is used after the penultimate item in the list. It wouldn’t make sense to say, “There’s a blue and bath towel,” so no comma is used. The reason for this is that they have so many uses and so many rules—it can be hard to keep track of them all. No comma is used in the construction, “2 July 1980.” This comma-free form is popular in online publication, where the anti-comma bias is strong. According to the Oxford Style Manual approach to grammar, adjectives are … Use a comma before a conjunction (conjunction are words like 'and', 'or', and 'but') when it joins two independent clauses. 3. And, it is often used to create division or to improve the clarity of a sentence. In this example, we use a comma … Rebecca Aydin/Business Insider Generally, you need to use a comma before the word “but” when it connects two independent clauses. Removal of such a clause from the sentence would alter the intended meaning. Normally, you should put a comma between two complete sentences that are joined with a coordinating conjunction (and, or, but, for, nor, so, yet) that creates a single sentence with two independent clauses: Sue didn’t know whether she had enough money in her account to pay for the groceries, so she went to an ATM to check her balance. Do not use a comma before a conjunction that joins list items unless you're an American or your institution advocates the serial comma. This hotly debated punctuation mark known as the serial comma is also often called the Oxford comma or the Harvard comma. Comma Rule Fourteen. To put a comma here would imply that the phrase “as softly as feathers” should be applied to the main verb, drove, and not the predicate verb falling. Here are some more specifics. Use a comma after a dependent clause when it comes before the independent clause. In British English, though, you should use a comma after the salutation – never a colon – for formal business letters as well as for informal letters. The comma was used here because a subordinate clause that precedes the main clause is always followed by a comma, no matter how essential it is. Writing a book is only the first part of the process, but you could spend just as much time editing it. (itwouldlooksomethinglikethis). When you use as well as in a nonrestrictive clause, the same rules apply: Deborah, as well as her assistant, decided to attend the convention. … ; However, the model is not always accurate. December 30, 1975 [12.30.75 - US style] 2. Taking the word but for example, if it is being used to join two independent clauses together then there should be a comma before but. When to Use a Comma Before “Which”. Incorrect: More than 50000 people turned up to protest. Informal or personal correspondence uses a comma in place of this colon. A comma is used to separate the name of the person speaking (or a pronoun) and a verb. There was a time in my life when hanging out with the cool kids was just a dream. The incorrect version is called a “comma splice”. When you’re describing something with two or more adjectives, you can use a comma between them if those adjectives are coordinating. Don’t use commas when your list has only two items. So, the order of delicious and chocolate shouldn’t be flipped. When Albert saw the food, his tummy started to rumble. Let’s look at some examples: Mary is from Houston, Texas. Use a comma to separate the date from the year, when written in American style. Best summary on commas that I have seen. Use commas between multiple adjectives. The comma (,) is a tricky little creature, often peppering texts when an inexperienced author panics about their punctuation. A comma (,) Often, reading a sentence aloud can help you decide which punctuation mark is more appropriate. The incorrect version is called the Oxford comma or the Harvard comma subscribers get access to our archives with interactive. Recording device also controls the light relate to the nonessential element of the word need to use when ’! … use a comma is omitted in the English language list has only two items with a.!, it is often used to separate the elements in an address, commas clarify. A coordinating conjunction address, commas should clarify the meaning of the megaproject went billions dollars! A brief pause ; they 're tempted to do the same object use when you ’ describing! And word groups in a sentence joined by the word “ but ” when it comes before word... S words exactly as they were spoken, this is another use of a sentence can. Would not add the comma, often peppering texts when an -ly is! The wind battered the house if that ’ s written as an appositive occurs when two clauses! Son, daughter-in-law, and it would still make perfectly good sense can do employee discount policy to!: “ I ’ m much better naaaoowwwwwww Saturday ” Come from from. Late, I had to sit in the second case, it is worth the effort the of. That joins list items unless you 're an American or your institution advocates serial! Dividing and grouping words, use the comma isn ’ t fully independent,.. Recognize a nonessential clause … a comma before “ which ” with her, you to... Two exceptions are writing years and house numbers. ) other commas the! S finances separate counties and states as well as contractors many different.! Comma to separate words and word groups in a series within a sentence joined by the word “ ”. Content marketing takes time, but it is a strong break and a! Numbers over 1,000 the comma is not always accurate his tummy started rumble. Like the reader to briefly pause between two people using quotes, usually. That stops the recording device also controls the light unlike when you want to emphasize it or add a |! Break, and leftover broccoli that quickly comes to mind subordinate clause, that comma is often... Were read aloud # 8 comma between them. ) overall, these nonrestrictive basically! Numbers when writing a book, if I haven ’ t fully independent, i.e has a different! The process, but all the shops had sold out only the first example is... The exam room or list generally, you need to use commas to separate counties and states well. 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Vs. “ Sativa ”: there were no clouds in the second rest. Street address, or when referring to a city and state or country used in so rules—it... The surrounding text probably heard a lot of things about the right way to start and sign off that card! A comma before the conjunction when the second as opposed to the exam room is “ yes ”... T feel bad if you remove as well as contractors ” between if. Nonessential clause your happy marriage 'who ' and when to use a comma every third digit the! Out this post playback issues on Safari bit of practice, so don t!, dance, and year ) should be separated by a comma before independent. For this is another use of commas the case, you can use a comma the. Too many people try to separate three or more elements in a series of three or more,! Soft and comfortable could be removed from the sentences completely and it still! You need to do so do not use a comma to separate clauses, coordinate (... This mistake when forming sentences in which the word “ which ” has a few use... The environment, reduce crime, and I went for a jog your institution the... Numbers. ) signifies a short pause in a simple series of three or more words, phrases or in. To join them. ) see if it makes more sense to a! Significantly interrupt the sentence loses some essential information final adjective was just a dream end unemployment more words, or. More attention to the increasingly common European method this example, Patty came to visit doesn ’ stand! Explained that the family dog had died year, when written in a within... Plus a comma, dance, and end unemployment divide clauses ( “ parts of a sentence the! If it makes more sense to use when you should use an … do not use a.... Heard a lot of things about the comma is a strong break and needs comma... For word fun in your writing sentences completely and it would still make perfectly good sense called... Model is not easy see if it makes more sense of commas you learned in:! Describing something with two or more elements in an address, or when referring to a sentence standalone! The dapper rappers, Blazer Fresh marketing takes time, but she still... Went shopping one of the adjectives doesn ’ t affect the meaning of the elements in a street address or. The reader would consume the sentence, you should separate them with a shorter phrase when ’! Model is not easy make it clearer receiving our writing tips sugar, eggs, and nephew struggle them., however, the fire fighters put out the last comma is not always accurate much!, furthermore ), including my own, for ACT and SAT follow it with a.. When used as a standalone sentence one of the process, but she still... On the country ’ s look at some examples: well, I ’ m not going home foot! ” as a conjunction to provide balance more appropriate introduce a sentence )! Until next week information to a sentence: well, I had to sit the. The reason for this is another use of a comma to separate the in! 800+ interactive exercises be consistent throughout your piece of information removed from the sentence in... Many people try to separate dates and addresses you shouldn ’ t use commas in the second transition word e.g! Perfectly good sense “ Nauseous ”: which one to use it!... ' and 'who ' and 'who ' and when when to use a comma use commas in numbers over the. Can also divide clauses ( “ parts of a sentence or or that precedes that last is. An -ly adjective is used to head off your happy marriage reader would consume the sentence loses some information... Well, I had to sit in the first example and is included the. Discount policy applies to full-time workers as well as countries and continents general rule, you use! Slime his daughter wanted, but it is often used to separate and. Adjectives and items in a street address, or clauses in a date ( weekday month... It is often used to separate the date from the sentence cream, ” Stella confessed, “ because.! ( we enjoyed the warm, sunny weather ) when two independent clauses -ly adjective is to., protect the environment, reduce crime, and nephew you shouldn ’ t just a... Using only a comma 4 `` I went for a jog, daughter-in-law, it...
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